外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

purloin 偷窃,擅自使用

pur-,向前,-loin,长的,词源同long,lunge,lounge.原义为延长,拖延,后引申词义偷窃,擅自使用。

purple (紫色):古代腓尼基人发明的紫色染料

古代腓尼基人因为发明了紫红色染料而闻名历史,大发横财,连腓尼基(Phoenicia)这个名字都与紫色有关,是“紫红色国度”的意思。腓尼基人发明紫红色染料纯属偶然。据说有个腓尼基牧人,有一回从海中捡了一些海螺。煮好之后,他扔了几个给自己的猎狗吃。猎狗一咬,嘴边和鼻子上都溅上了鲜红的颜色,拿水冲洗都洗不掉。牧人仔细观察,发现是因为海螺中流出的红色汁水。他想,如果用这种颜色染布,一定不会掉颜色。于是,他又拾回一大堆这种海螺,放在水里熬,果然熬出了一种紫红色的染料。用这种染料染出的衣服,洗过多次后,依然能够保持亮丽的紫色,从不褪色。

这种海螺在腓尼基的浅海非常多,人们便用熬出的染料来染布。由于这种紫红色的布在地中海沿岸许多国家大受欢迎,供不应求,许多腓尼基人靠贩卖染料、布匹发了财。于是他们渐渐放弃了农业生产,以经商为生。在当时,腓尼基商人的足迹遍及地中海南北各个海港。

英语单词purple来自希腊语porphyra,原本指的是腓尼基人所生产的这种紫色染料,后来逐渐演变为表示“紫色”这种颜色。

purple 紫色的

来自古英语purpul,来自purpure的异化词,来自拉丁语purpura,紫色的,紫颜料,来自希腊语porphyra,紫色的,紫颜料,词源同porphyry,porphyrite.

purport 自称,标榜

pur-,向前,-port,含有,承载,词源同porter,comport.引申词义自称,标榜等。

purport 主旨

词根词缀:pur( pro-)前 + -port-运输,携带

tom

familiar shortening of masc. proper name Thomas, used by late 14c. as a type of a nickname for a common man (as in Tom, Dick, and Harry, 1734). Applied 17c. as a nickname for several exceptionally large bells. Short for Uncle Tom in the sense of "black man regarded as too servile to whites" is recorded from 1959.

Tom Walker, U.S. Southern colloquial for "the devil" is recorded from 1833. Tom and Jerry is first attested 1828 and later used in many extended senses, originally were the names of the two chief characters (Corinthian Tom and Jerry Hawthorn) in Pierce Egan's "Life in London" (1821); the U.S. cat and mouse cartoon characters debuted 1940 in "Puss Gets the Boot." Tom Thumb (1570s) was a miniature man in popular tradition before P.T. Barnum took the name for a dwarf he exhibited. Tom-tit "titmouse" is from 1709. Compare tomcat.

Tom

familiar shortening of masc. proper name Thomas, used by late 14c. as a type of a nickname for a common man (as in Tom, Dick, and Harry, 1734). Applied 17c. as a nickname for several exceptionally large bells. Short for Uncle Tom in the sense of "black man regarded as too servile to whites" is recorded from 1959.

Tom Walker, U.S. Southern colloquial for "the devil" is recorded from 1833. Tom and Jerry is first attested 1828 and later used in many extended senses, originally were the names of the two chief characters (Corinthian Tom and Jerry Hawthorn) in Pierce Egan's "Life in London" (1821); the U.S. cat and mouse cartoon characters debuted 1940 in "Puss Gets the Boot." Tom Thumb (1570s) was a miniature man in popular tradition before P.T. Barnum took the name for a dwarf he exhibited. Tom-tit "titmouse" is from 1709. Compare tomcat.

tom-fool (n.)

also tom-fool, "buffoon, clown," 1640s, from Middle English Thom Foole, personification of a mentally deficient man (mid-14c.), see Tom + fool (n.).

tom-tom (n.)

1690s, "drum" (originally used in India), from Hindi tam-tam, probably of imitative origin (compare Sinhalese tamat tama and Malay tong-tong). Related: Tom-toms.

tomahawk (n.)

1610s, tamahaac, from Virginia Algonquian (probably Powhatan) tamahaac "a hatchet, what is used in cutting," from tamaham "he cuts." Cognate with Mohegan tummahegan, Delaware tamoihecan, Micmac tumeegun.

a 一 (个)

A 英语字母表的第一个字母

A 英语字母表的第一个字母

a cappella 清唱的

a fortiori 理由更充分

A Gordian Knot 难解的结;难题;难点

a la carte 按菜单点菜

A Penelope's Web 故意拖延的策略;永远做不完的工作

a posteriori 由果及因

a priori 由因及果

A Procrustean Bed (强求一致):普罗克汝斯忒斯的铁床

aardvark 土豚

aback 大吃一惊

abacus (算盘):用于算数的沙板

abacus 算盘

abacus 算盘

abalone 鲍鱼

abandon 放弃

abandon 遗弃,抛弃

abase 使低下,卑微,屈从

abash 使困窘

abashed 羞愧

abate 减轻

abate 减弱

abattoir 屠宰场

abba 阿爸

abbess 女修道院院长

abbey 隐修院

abbot (修道院院长):阿拉姆语中对僧侣的尊称“父亲”

abbot 隐修院院长

abbreviate 缩短

abbreviate 缩写

abbreviate 缩写,简化

abbreviation 缩写,缩写词

abbreviator 缩写者

abdicate 退位

abdicate 退位

abdicate 退位,放弃(职位,权力等)

abdicator 弃权人,让位者,辞职者

abdomen 腹,腹部

abdomen 腹部

abdomenal 腹(部)的

abdominous 大肚子的,大腹便便的

abduct 诱拐

abduct 劫持,诱拐;绑架

abduction 绑架,拐骗,劫持

abecedarian (初步):拉丁字母表中的前四个字母

Aberdonian 苏格兰阿伯丁人

aberrance 脱离正道,越轨,反常

aberrant 异常的

aberrant 反常的

aberrant 异常的

aberration 失常

abet (教唆):纵狗斗熊游戏

abet 唆使,教唆,怂恿

abet 教唆

abet 教唆

abet 教唆,煽动,帮助,支持

abeyance 中止,搁置

abeyance 搁置

abeyance 中止

abhor 憎恶

abhor 憎恶

abhorrent 令人憎恶的

abide 忍受

abide 停留

abigail (侍女):《圣经》中大卫王的妻子亚比该

abigail 侍女,女仆

ability 能力,才能

ability 能力

abiogenesis 自然发生(论),非生物起源,无生源说

abiotic 非生物的

abject 卑鄙的

abject 悲惨的

abject 可怜的;凄惨的;卑鄙的

abjure 誓绝

abjure 声明放弃

ablation 消融,切除

ablation 冰雪消融

ablative 夺格

ablaze 燃烧的

able 有能力的

able 有能力的,能干的

Ableism 对残疾人的歧视

ablution 沐浴

ablution 洗身,沐浴

ablutions 净手礼

abnegate 放弃

abnegate 否认,放弃

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信