外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

mud 淤泥,泥浆

来自Proto-Germanic*mud,淤泥,泥浆,来自PIE*smeu,meu,湿的,脏的,泥泞的。最终词源 可能同mucus,muggy.

mud (n.)

late 14c., mudde, "moist, soft earth," cognate with and probably from Middle Low German mudde, Middle Dutch modde "thick mud," from Proto-Germanic *mud- from PIE *(s)meu-/*mu- [Buck], found in many words denoting "wet" or "dirty" (source also of Greek mydos "damp, moisture," Old Irish muad "cloud," Polish muł "slime," Sanskrit mutra- "urine," Avestan muthra- "excrement, filth"); related to German Schmutz "dirt," which also is used for "mud" in roads, etc., to avoid dreck, which originally meant "excrement." Welsh mwd is from English. The older word is fen.

Meaning "lowest or worst of anything" is from 1580s. As a word for "coffee," it is hobo slang from 1925; as a word for "opium" from 1922. Mud-puppy "salamander" is by 1855, American English; the mud-dauber wasp was so called by 1856. The children's mud-pie is attested from 1788. Mud-flat "muddy, low-lying ground near a shore" is by 1779. Mud-room "room for removing wet or muddy footwear" is by 1938.

The expression clear as mud (that is, "not clear at all") is by 1796. To throw or hurl mud "make disgraceful accusations" is from 1762. To say (one's) name is mud and mean "(one) is discredited" is recorded from 1823, from mud in obsolete sense of "a stupid twaddling fellow" (1708). Mud in your eye as a toast is recorded from 1912, American English.

a 一 (个)

A 英语字母表的第一个字母

A 英语字母表的第一个字母

a cappella 清唱的

a fortiori 理由更充分

A Gordian Knot 难解的结;难题;难点

a la carte 按菜单点菜

A Penelope's Web 故意拖延的策略;永远做不完的工作

a posteriori 由果及因

a priori 由因及果

A Procrustean Bed (强求一致):普罗克汝斯忒斯的铁床

aardvark 土豚

aback 大吃一惊

abacus (算盘):用于算数的沙板

abacus 算盘

abacus 算盘

abalone 鲍鱼

abandon 放弃

abandon 遗弃,抛弃

abase 使低下,卑微,屈从

abash 使困窘

abashed 羞愧

abate 减轻

abate 减弱

abattoir 屠宰场

abba 阿爸

abbess 女修道院院长

abbey 隐修院

abbot (修道院院长):阿拉姆语中对僧侣的尊称“父亲”

abbot 隐修院院长

abbreviate 缩短

abbreviate 缩写

abbreviate 缩写,简化

abbreviation 缩写,缩写词

abbreviator 缩写者

abdicate 退位

abdicate 退位

abdicate 退位,放弃(职位,权力等)

abdicator 弃权人,让位者,辞职者

abdomen 腹,腹部

abdomen 腹部

abdomenal 腹(部)的

abdominous 大肚子的,大腹便便的

abduct 诱拐

abduct 劫持,诱拐;绑架

abduction 绑架,拐骗,劫持

abecedarian (初步):拉丁字母表中的前四个字母

Aberdonian 苏格兰阿伯丁人

aberrance 脱离正道,越轨,反常

aberrant 异常的

aberrant 反常的

aberrant 异常的

aberration 失常

abet (教唆):纵狗斗熊游戏

abet 唆使,教唆,怂恿

abet 教唆

abet 教唆

abet 教唆,煽动,帮助,支持

abeyance 中止,搁置

abeyance 搁置

abeyance 中止

abhor 憎恶

abhor 憎恶

abhorrent 令人憎恶的

abide 忍受

abide 停留

abigail (侍女):《圣经》中大卫王的妻子亚比该

abigail 侍女,女仆

ability 能力,才能

ability 能力

abiogenesis 自然发生(论),非生物起源,无生源说

abiotic 非生物的

abject 卑鄙的

abject 悲惨的

abject 可怜的;凄惨的;卑鄙的

abjure 誓绝

abjure 声明放弃

ablation 消融,切除

ablation 冰雪消融

ablative 夺格

ablaze 燃烧的

able 有能力的

able 有能力的,能干的

Ableism 对残疾人的歧视

ablution 沐浴

ablution 洗身,沐浴

ablutions 净手礼

abnegate 放弃

abnegate 否认,放弃

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