外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

surprise 惊讶

词根pris和词根prehend同源,表“抓住”,可用熟词prison(监狱)助记,逻辑不难理解。用surprise加深印象,前缀sur表“在上方”,如surface(表面);pris即“抓住”;其字面含义就是:突然性的压倒、超越、抓住,自然就会让人很惊讶。

surprise 吃惊,意外

sur-,在上,-prise,抓住,缩写自 prehens,词源同 prison,comprehension.引申词义突然抓住,吃 惊,意外。

surprise 惊奇,诧异,惊人之事,

词根词缀:sur-上,超过 + -pris-抓住 + -e

surprise (n.)

also formerly surprize, late 14c., "unexpected attack or capture," from Old French surprise "a taking unawares" (13c.), from noun use of past participle of Old French sorprendre "to overtake, seize, invade" (12c.), from sur- "over" (see sur- (1)) + prendre "to take," from Latin prendere, contracted from prehendere "to grasp, seize" (from prae- "before," see pre-, + -hendere, from PIE root *ghend- "to seize, take").

Meaning "something unexpected" is recorded by 1590s, that of "feeling of astonishment caused by something unexpected" is c. 1600. Meaning "fancy dish" is attested from 1708.

A Surprize is ... a dish ... which promising little from its first appearance, when open abounds with all sorts of variety. [W. King, "Cookery," 1708]

Surprise party originally was a stealth military detachment (1826); festive sense is attested by 1857; according to Thornton's "American Glossary," originally a gathering of members of a congregation at the house of their preacher "with the ostensible purpose of contributing provisions, &c., for his support," and sometimes called a donation party. Phrase taken by surprise is attested from 1690s.

surprise (v.)

also formerly surprize, late 14c., "overcome, overpower" (of emotions), from the noun or from Anglo-French surprise, fem. past participle of Old French surprendre (see surprise (n.)). Meaning "come upon unexpectedly" is from 1590s; that of "strike with astonishment" is 1650s.

monumental 不朽的,意义深远的

monumentally 巨大地,极其地,非常地

moo 牛叫声

mooch 乞讨,吃白食,闲逛

moocher 骗子,乞丐

mood 情绪,心情,心境

mood (语法)语气;心情,情绪

moody 情绪多变的,反复无常的

moody 脾气不好的,喜怒无常的

moon (月亮):北欧神话中的月亮神曼尼

moon 月球,月亮,卫星

moon 月亮,思念

moonbeam 月光

moonie 屁股

Moonie 文鲜明信徒

moonscape 月亮表面的荒凉景色

moonshine 私酿酒,非法配制并销售的威士忌

moonstone 月长石

moonstruck 因爱成痴的

moonwalk 太空舞步

moor 沼泽,荒野

Moor 摩尔人

moorhen 沼泽鸡,黑水鸡

mooring 系泊用具

moorland 高沼

moose 驼鹿

moot 大会,辩论会,模拟的,无实际意义的

moot court 模拟法庭

mop 拖把

mop 拖布

mop 拖把

moped 摩托自行车

moppet 小女孩

moquette 绒头织布

moraine 冰碛

moral 道德规范,道义,品德,道德的,道义的

moral 道德(上)的,精神的

moral fiber 道义力量

morale 士气

morale 士气,民心

moralist 卫道士,道学家

moralistic 说教的

morality 道德,准则

morality 道德,德行

moralization 道德说教,伦理课程,道义

moralize 从道德上解释,教化

moralize 进行道德说教

morass 沼泽

morass 沼泽,困境

morass 沼泽

moratorium 暂停,中止

moray 海鳝

morbid 病态的

mordacious 咬痛的,锐利的,刻薄的

mordant 讽刺的

more 更多

moreish 可口的,还想吃的

morel 牛肚菌

morello 黑樱桃,欧洲酸樱桃

moreover 此外

mores 风俗习惯,传统

mores 风俗,习惯,民德,道德观念

moribund 垂死的,行将灭亡的

Mormon 摩门教徒

morn 早晨,上午

morning 早晨,上午

morning coat 晨燕尾服

morning glory 牵牛花,朝开夕闭

morocco 摩洛哥山羊皮革

moron 笨蛋,蠢货

morose 忧郁的,闷闷不乐的

morph 图像平稳变换

morpheme 词素

Morpheus 梦神摩尔甫斯

Morpheus 梦神,摩耳甫斯(睡梦之神)

morphine (吗啡):希腊神话中的梦神摩尔甫斯

morphine 吗啡

Morphine 吗啡

morphology 形态学

morris dance 莫里斯舞

morrow 次日,明天

Mors 死神墨尔斯/桑纳托斯(Thanatos)

Morse code 莫尔斯电码

morsel 少量,小块食物

mortal (总有一死的):罗马神话的死神墨尔斯

mortal 终有一死的;致命的

mortal 死亡的,致命的,终有一死的,凡人

mortality 死亡率

mortality 死亡率,死亡数量

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