外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

Deus

[ˈdeius,ˈdiəs] [ˈdeəs]

n.<拉>上帝,神(与Zeus有关)

近义词

单词家谱

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dirge (挽歌):为哀悼死者而做的晨祷词中的一个单词

在基督教中,为哀悼死者而做的晨祷词来自圣经旧约中的《诗篇》中的一篇赞美诗,在拉丁语中第一句是“Dirige,Domine,Deus meus,in conspectu tuo viam meam”(主啊,我的上帝,在您的目光下引导我的道路)。其中的第一个单词dirige就是“引导”的意思,是拉丁语dirigere(引导)的祈使形态,与direct(引导)同源。因此,这一篇赞美诗就以单词dirige为名,进入英语拼写演变为dirge。由于它是用来哀悼死者的,所以dirge通常被译为“挽歌”。

Deus (n.)

"God, a god," mid-13c. in French and Latin salutations and exclamations in English works, see Zeus. Never nativized, but it continued to appear in adopted Latin expressions such as deus absconditus "hidden god," and deus ex machina "a power, event, person, or thing that arrives conveniently to solve a difficulty (especially in a play or novel). This (1690s) is from a Modern Latin translation of Greek apo mekhanes theos, literally "the god from the machina," the name of the device by which "gods" were suspended over the stage in Greek theater, from Greek (Attic) mēkhanē "device, tool, contrivance" (see machine (n.)). The fem. is dea ex machina

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