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Russia

小学初中

['rʌʃə] [ˈrʌʃə]

n.(1917年以前的)俄罗斯帝国;现俄罗斯;俄罗斯皮革

常用短语

  1. white russia

    白俄罗斯

场景例句

  1. How do you feel about Russia?

    你们觉得俄罗斯怎么样?

近义词

单词家谱

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Russia (俄罗斯):罗斯人的国家

公元9世纪,当东斯拉夫人在德涅斯特河与第聂伯河之间艰辛地开拓森林和草地时,一 支从斯堪的纳维亚半岛来的部落开始侵入他们的生活。东斯拉夫人称这个部落是瓦兰吉亚人 (Varangians),芬兰人则称他们是罗斯人(Rus),很可能源自芬兰语ruotsi或rootsi,意为 北方人或诺曼人。罗斯人征服了东斯拉夫人,并围绕基辅建立了一个公国,历史上被称为“基 辅罗斯”,这就是俄罗斯的雏形。当时中国将其称为“罗斯”或“罗刹”。元朝时,蒙古人由 于发不清R这个音,就在前面増加了一个原因,将“罗斯”读出了“俄罗斯”。该中文名称 一直沿用至今。在欧洲,罗斯人的名称Rus进入拉丁语后演变为Russi,进入英语后根据英语拼写习惯演变为Russia,增加了地名后缀-ia。

Russia

nation in Eastern Europe with a large possession in north Asia, 1530s, from Medieval Latin Russi "the people of Russia," from Rus, the native name of the people and the country (source of Arabic Rus, Medieval Greek Rhos), originally the name of a group of Swedish merchant/warriors who established themselves around Kiev 9c. and founded the original Russian principality; perhaps from Ruotsi, the Finnish name for "Sweden," from Old Norse Roþrslandi, "the land of rowing," old name of Roslagen, where the Finns first encountered the Swedes. This is from Old Norse roðr "steering oar," from Proto-Germanic *rothra- "rudder" (from PIE *rot-ro-, from root *ere- "to row").

Derivation from the IE root for "red," in reference to hair color, is considered less likely. Russian city-states were founded and ruled by Vikings and their descendants. The Russian form of the name, Rossiya, appears to be from Byzantine Greek Rhosia.

Russification is attested from 1842; Russianization by 1891.

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