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abysm

[ə'bɪzəm] [ə'bɪzəm]

n.深渊,无底洞

近义词

单词家谱

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abysmal 深不可测的

【结构分析】:abysmal=abysm(深渊)+al(形容词后缀)→深渊的→深不可测的;abysmal=abyss=a(没有)+byss(底部)→没有底部→无底深渊

【词源解释】:bysm(byss)←希腊语byssos(bottom,底部)

【背景知识】:abyss指的是基督教中关押恶魔和反叛天使的无底洞。按照但丁在《神曲》中的描写,abyss位于地狱的最底层。根据基督教教义,天使长路西法(Lucifer)拒绝向人类出身的圣子基督臣服,率领三分之一的天使造反。经过三天的激战,圣子基督战胜反叛天使,将其打入永劫的无底洞abyss。被打入无底洞的路西法就是后来的撒旦。

【同源词】:abysm(无底洞),abyss(无底洞),abyssal(深渊的)

abysm (n.)

"bottomless gulf, greatest depths," c. 1300, from Old French abisme "chasm, abyss, depths of ocean, Hell" (12c., Modern French abîme), from Vulgar Latin *abyssimus (source also of Spanish and Portuguese abismo), which represents perhaps a superlative of Latin abyssus or a formation on analogy of Greek-derived words in -ismus; see abyss. It survived only as a poetic variant of abyss; as late as early 17c. it was pronounced to rhyme with time.

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