外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

climax

CET6IELTSGRE

[ˈklaɪˌmæks] [ˈklaɪˌmæks]

n.顶点,极点;高潮;层进法;[生物学]顶极群落

vt.& vi.达到顶点;达到巅峰;使达到高潮;使达到性高潮

常用短语

  1. climax community

    顶极群落(在不受骚扰的情况下能生长的所有植物)

  2. come to a climax

    达到顶点(或高潮)

场景例句

  1. The music builds up to a rousing climax.

    音乐逐渐达到了令人振奋的高潮。

    《牛津词典》

  2. The climax came one sultry August evening.

    高潮在8月一个闷热潮湿的夜晚到来了。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. He used climax and word repetition in the speech.

    他在演讲中运用了层进法和词句重复。

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“顶点”的意思,区别是:
  • summit 书面用词,指山的最顶峰部分,也指通过努力可以达到的最高水平,还指最重要的,国家间的首脑最高级会谈。

    climax 指戏剧等的高潮,也指事

    物发展中的极点,因此多含其后由盛而衰的意味。

    peak 指山峰的全部或上部。

    top 普通用词,可指包括人或物或其它任何的最高点或顶点。

    词根: -clim- 倾斜
  1. climate [ˈklaɪmɪt] n. 气候;氛围;状况;局势

    climate: -clim-倾斜 + -ate 名词后缀 → 地球的倾斜面 → 气候区 → 气候 → 引申词义气氛,氛围

  2. climax [ˈklaɪˌmæks] n. 顶点,极点;高潮;层进法;[生物学]顶极群落 vt.& vi. 达到顶点;达到巅峰;使达到高潮;使达到性高潮

    climax: -clim-倾斜 + -ax 最高级后缀 → 逐层递进 → 逐步上升 → 程度或成就的最高顶点 → 顶点,极点,高潮

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

climax (高潮):“逐层递进”的修辞手法

英语单词climax来自希腊语klimax(阶梯),来自动词klinein(倾斜),与单词climate(气候)同源。klimax原本指的是“逐层递进”这种修辞手法。进入英语后,词义从“达成目标的连续步骤”演变至“逐步上升的步骤”,再到“程度或成就的最高顶点”。OED认为这种词义演变应归因于人们对该词古典含义的无知。在19世纪80年代,在一些节育倡导者的推动下,该词还可以表示“性高潮”,以代替书面语orgasm一词。

climax 高潮

来自PIE*klei,倾斜,词源同lean,incline.-ax,表示最高级,词源同apex,next,approximate.

climax 高潮,顶点

来源于希腊语klimax(梯子)

climax (n.)

1580s, in the rhetorical sense ("a chain of reasoning in graduating steps from weaker to stronger"), from Late Latin climax (genitive climacis), from Greek klimax "propositions rising in effectiveness," literally "ladder," from suffixed form of PIE root *klei- "to lean."

Originally in rhetoric an arrangement of successive clauses so that the last important word of one is repeated as the first important word of the next, as in Romans v.3-5: "... but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; and patience, experience; and experience, hope: And hope maketh not ashamed ...." Compare anadiplosis. From the rhetorical meaning, the word evolved through "series of steps by which a goal is achieved," to "escalating steps," to (1789) "high point of intensity or development," a usage credited by the OED to "popular ignorance."

The meaning "sexual orgasm" is recorded by 1880 (also in terms such as climax of orgasm), and is said to have been promoted from c. 1900 by birth-control pioneer Marie Stopes (1880-1958) and others as a more accessible word than orgasm (n.).

climax (v.)

1835, "to reach the highest point, culminate," from climax (n.). For erotic sense, see the noun. Related: Climaxed; climaxing.

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信