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crust

CET4考研IELTSGRE

[krʌst] [krʌst]

n.面包皮;外壳;硬外皮;地壳

vt.用外皮覆盖;在…上结硬皮;生痂儿

vi.结成外壳;结硬皮

常用短语

  1. soil crust

    土壤结皮,土结皮,土壤表壳

  2. earth's crust

    地壳

场景例句

  1. It is a bitter crust, alas!

    这是个苦涩的外壳,唉!

  2. The crust of the bread is burnt.

    这块面包的外皮烤焦了.

  3. The pastry crust was always underdone.

    馅饼的壳皮常常烤得不透.

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

  • n. 面包皮;干面包片
  • crumb

    词根: -crust- 冷,冰冻
  1. crust [krʌst] n. 面包皮;外壳;硬外皮;地壳 vt. 用外皮覆盖;在…上结硬皮;生痂儿 vi. 结成外壳;结硬皮

    crust: -crust-冷 → 原指受冷结成的硬壳 → 后指一切的硬壳

单词家谱

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crust 面包皮,地壳

来自PIE*kreus,冷冻,结晶,词源同crystal,cryogenic.原指由冷冻形成的硬壳。

crust (n.)

early 14c., "hard outer part of bread," from Old French crouste (13c., Modern French croûte) and directly from Latin crusta "rind, crust, shell, bark," from PIE *krus-to- "that which has been hardened," suffixed form of root *kreus- "to begin to freeze, form a crust." From mid-15c. as "any hard, external portion of comparative thinness;" meaning "outer shell of the earth" is from 1550s.

crust (v.)

late 14c., "to thicken or contract into a hard covering" (intransitive); see crust (n.). From 1540s in transitive sense of "cover with a crust or hard exterior portion." Related: Crusted; crusting.

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