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flat

初中高中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[flæt] [flæt]

adj.平的;单调的;不景气的;干脆的;平坦的;扁平的;浅的

adv.(尤指贴着另一表面)平直地;断然地;水平地;直接地,完全地

n.平地;公寓;平面

vt.使变平;[音乐]使(音调)下降,尤指降半音

vi.逐渐变平;[音乐]以降调唱(或奏)

常用短语

  1. flat top

    平顶

  2. flat head

    北美印第安人

  3. fall flat

    失败,达不到预想效果

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The floor is quite flat.

    地板很平。

  2. He sings flat all the time.

    他总是唱低了音。

    《牛津词典》

  3. She keeps her flat very tidy.

    她把她的单元房间保持得很整洁。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“平的,平坦的”的意思,区别是:
  • even 通常指平面上的各点或一条直线的各点处在同一平面或直线上。

    flat 指光滑平整的表面,但不一定是水平的。

    level 强调没有高低之处,且在同一水平面,可引申指才能相等或与相邻某物平行。

    smooth 侧重指表面十分平滑,无任何粗糙的感觉。引申作圆滑解。

    词根: -flat-
  1. flatter [ˈflætɚ] vt. 奉承;谄媚;使高兴

    flatter: -flat(t)-平 + -er 动词后缀,反复 → 引申词义俯伏在地 → 拜倒,奉承

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

flat (公寓):楼房中一个独立居住单元

无论是在中国还是在外国,人们住的一般都是独立的房屋。但是随着城市的出现,越来越多的人聚居在城市里。由于城市土地价格随着城市经济的发展而提高,中低收入阶层无力支付独立房屋的费用,此时就出现了多户人家共同居住在一栋建筑的情况。这种供多户人家居住的建筑就是公寓。

在古罗马时代,罗马城中就出现了这种公寓,拉丁语中称为insulae。据记载,在罗马帝国晚期,罗马城中就已经有5000座最高7层、20米高的insulae。据阿拉伯地理学家Al-Muqaddasi描述,在10世纪的埃及开罗,大部分人口都居住在高层的公寓中,每一栋公寓能容纳200多口人。

在英国,公寓出现得很晚。人们习惯居住在独立的房屋中。直到19世纪末期,这种观念才有所转变。随着城市化进程和人口增加,伦敦城中传统的独立房屋的价格日益昂贵,越来越多的人负担不低,特别是对于年轻的未婚男女。因此,公寓楼的概念应运而生。这张楼房由多层构成,每一层都是单独的一套居住单位,人们可以购买或租用楼房中的一层。在英语中,人们管这种楼房中的一套居住单位称为flat,本意是“一层,一个平面”,而一栋公寓楼则称为a block of flats。flat中的一个房间称作apartment,意思是flat中的一个part(部分)。但到了美国,美国人逐渐用apartment来表示整个flat。但是在英国、香港、新加坡等英联邦国家中,人们还是使用flat来表示一套公寓。

flat 平坦的;扁平的;平淡的,乏味的

来源于古印欧语pelə-/pla-(平直伸展),进入史前日耳曼语为flataz,经由古斯堪的纳维亚语flatr进入中古英语为flat。pelə-/pla-在希腊语中产生了platus(宽阔的),为英语place,plaice和platypus的词源,在拉丁语中产生了planus(平坦的),为英语plane和plain的词源。pelə-/pla-产生的英语词汇有plant和flan。flat用作“单层公寓”意义时,其词源仍是史前日耳曼语flataz,但是经由苏格兰语flet(房子的内部)进入英语的。

同源词:place,plaice,platypus,plane,plain,plant,flan

flat 平的,小套间

来自PIE*pele,平的。词源同plan,plane. 引申词义套间,公寓。

flat (adj.)

c. 1300, "stretched out (on a surface), prostrate, lying the whole length on the ground;" mid-14c., "level, all in one plane; even, smooth;" of a roof, "low-pitched," from Old Norse flatr "flat," from Proto-Germanic *flata- (source also of Old Saxon flat "flat, shallow," Old High German flaz "flat, level," Old High German flezzi "floor"), from PIE root *plat- "to spread."

From c. 1400 as "without curvature or projection." Sense of "prosaic, dull" is from 1570s, on the notion of "featureless, lacking contrast." Used of drink from c. 1600; of women's bosoms by 1864. Of musical notes from 1590s, because the tone is "lower" than a given or intended pitch. As the B of the modern diatonic scale was the first tone to be so modified, the "flat" sign as well as the "natural" sign in music notation are modified forms of the letter b (rounded or square).

Flat tire or flat tyre is from 1908. Flat-screen (adj.) in reference to television is from 1969 as a potential technology. Flat-earth (adj.) in reference to refusal to accept evidence of a global earth, is from 1876.

flat (n.)

1801, "a story of a house," from Scottish flat "floor or story of a house," from Old English flett "a dwelling, hall; floor, ground," from Proto-Germanic *flatja-, from suffixed form of PIE root *plat- "to spread." Meaning "floor or part of a floor set up as an apartment" is from 1824. Directly from flat (adj.) come the senses "level ground near water" (late 13c.); "a flat surface, the flat part of anything" (1374), and "low shoe" (1834).

flat (adv.)

1550s, "absolutely, downright;" 1570s, "plainly, positively," from flat (adj.). Flat-out (adv.) "openly, directly" is from 1932, originally in motor racing, picked up in World War II by the airmen; earlier it was a noun meaning "total failure" (1870, U.S. colloquial).

flat (v.)

c. 1600, "to lay flat;" 1670s in music, from flat (adj.). Related: Flatted; flatting.

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