外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

gulf

CET4考研IELTSGRE

[gʌlf] [ɡʌlf]

n.海湾;分歧;波斯湾;(地面的)裂口

vt.吞没;卷进

常用短语

  1. gulf war

    海湾战争

  2. gulf state

    海湾国家

  3. beibu gulf

    n. 北部湾(旧称东京湾,是中国雷州半岛、海南岛和广西壮族自治区及越南之间的海湾)

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The Gulf has 65 per cent of the world's oil reserves.

    海湾地区拥有全世界65%的石油储藏。

  2. Will the US accept Iran as the major power in the Gulf?

    美国会认可伊朗作为海湾地区的一支主要势力吗?

  3. But she says the recovery of the Gulf is far from complete.

    但是她表示,墨西哥湾的恢复工作还远远没有完成。

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“海湾”的意思,区别是:
  • bay 指海岸线上一大块凹入的地方,是港口的所在地。

    gulf 一般比bay大,但比sea小。指大片深入到陆地中,由海岸围绕成半圆形的海水区域。

    词根: -gulf- 淹没
  1. gulf [gʌlf] n. 海湾;分歧;波斯湾;(地面的)裂口 vt. 吞没;卷进

    gulf: -gulf-淹没 → 吞没 → 扩展词义海湾

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

gulf 海湾

词源同whelm,淹没。用来指海湾。

gulf (n.)

late 14c., "profound depth," from Old French golf "a gulf, whirlpool," from Italian golfo "a gulf, a bay," from Late Latin colfos, from Greek kolpos "bay, gulf of the sea," earlier "trough between waves, fold of a loose garment," originally "bosom," the common notion being "curved shape." This is from PIE *kuolp- "arch, curve, vault" (compare Old English hwealf"vault," a-hwielfan "to overwhelm," Old Norse holfinn "vaulted," Old High German welban "to vault").

Latin sinus underwent the same development, being used first for "bosom," later for "gulf" (and in Medieval Latin, "hollow curve or cavity in the body"). The geographic sense "large tract of water extending into the land" (larger than a bay, smaller than a sea, but the distinction is not exact and not always observed) is in English from c. 1400, replacing Old English sæ-earm. Figurative sense of "a wide interval" is from 1550s. The U.S. Gulf States so called from 1836. The Gulf Stream (1775) takes its name from the Gulf of Mexico.

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