外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

hard

小学初中CET4CET6考研IELTSGRE

[hɑrd] [hɑrd]

adj.困难的;硬的;有力的;努力的

adv.努力地;猛力地;严重地;沉重地

n.英〉硬海滩,登陆处

常用短语

  1. hard by

    在近处

  2. hard on

    严厉对待

  3. hard work

    努力工作,繁重的工作

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The hard disk is dead.

    硬盘停止运行了。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Our water is very hard.

    我们的水很硬。

    《牛津词典》

  3. She slapped his face hard.

    她狠狠给了他一个耳光。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“困难”的意思,区别是:
  • difficult比hard较为正式,侧重需要特别的能力、智力、判断力、技巧或勇气才能克服障碍。也可指深奥或抽象的难题。

    hard 含义广,通俗用词,与easy相对,泛指任何难理解,不好处理或不易做的事。

  • 以下词都有“坚定的,结实的”的意思,区别是:
  • firm 侧重指质地坚硬、不易切割或有弹性,一旦变形会很快恢复原形。

    hard 侧重有抗拒压力或拉力的性质,但不一定有弹性。

    solid 着重质地紧密、坚实和无间隙,含有在外部压力下仍可保持原有形状的意味。

    词根: -hard-
  1. hard [hɑrd] adj. 困难的;硬的;有力的;努力的 adv. 努力地;猛力地;严重地;沉重地 n. 英〉硬海滩,登陆处

    hard: -hard-硬

  2. harden [ˈhɑrdn] vt. 使硬化;使经得起考验;使无情;使轮廓鲜明 vi. 变硬或更硬;变稳定;变习惯

    harden: -hard-硬 + -en 动词后缀,使动 → 使硬化

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

hard 坚硬的,坚固的,困难的,艰苦的

来自古英语heard,坚固的,坚硬的,固定的,来自PIE*ker,硬的,词源同democracy,aristocracy.由坚硬的引申词义顽强的,耐受的,环境艰苦的,困难的等多种词义。可能来自PIE*sker,弯,转,编织,词源同cradle,crown.由编织引申词义团结,坚固。

hard (adj.)

Old English heard "solid and firm, not soft," also, "difficult to endure, carried on with great exertion," also, of persons, "severe, rigorous, harsh, cruel," from Proto-Germanic *hardu- (source also of Old Saxon hard, Old Frisian herd, Dutch hard, Old Norse harðr "hard," Old High German harto "extremely, very," German hart, Gothic hardus "hard"), from PIE *kortu-, suffixed form of root *kar- "hard."

Meaning "difficult to do" is from c. 1200. Of water, in reference to the presence of mineral salts, 1650s; of consonants, 1775. Hard of hearing preserves obsolete Middle English sense of "having difficulty in doing something." In the sense "strong, spiritous, fermented" from 1789 (as in hard cider, etc.), and this use probably is the origin of that in hard drugs (1955). Hard facts is from 1853; hard news in journalism is from 1918. Hard copy (as opposed to computer record) is from 1964; hard disk is from 1978; the computer hard drive is from 1983. Hard times "period of poverty" is from 1705. Hard money (1706) is specie, silver or gold coin, as opposed to paper. Hence 19c. U.S. hard (n.) "one who advocates the use of metallic money as the national currency" (1844). To play hard to get is from 1945. Hard rock as a pop music style recorded from 1967. To do something the hard way is from 1907.

hard (adv.)

Old English hearde "firmly, severely," from hard (adj.). Meaning "with effort or energy, with difficulty" is late 14c.

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信