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plant

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[plænt] [plænt]

n.植物,草木;设备;工厂;庄稼

vt.种植;安,插;建设,布置;移民于

常用短语

  1. in plant

    在生长发育中

  2. steel plant

    钢铁厂,炼钢厂

  3. treatment plant

    污水净化厂

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The plant naturalizes well in grass.

    这棵植物适应了环境,在草中生长得很好。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. These are new products from our plant.

    这都是我们厂的新产品。

  3. The plant can be propagated from seed.

    这种植物可由种子繁殖。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“工厂”的意思,区别是:
  • factory 最普通用词,可泛指任何制造产品的地方。

    mill 原义指粮食加工厂。现多指轻工业类的工厂。

    plant 多指电力或机械制造方面的工厂。

    works 多指钢铁等重工业方面的工厂,也指一些特定的厂。

    词根: -plant- 种植
  1. plant [plænt] n. 植物,草木;设备;工厂;庄稼 vt. 种植;安,插;建设,布置;移民于

    plant: -plant-种植 → 引申词义工厂,工厂设备,电厂等

  2. replant [ri'plɑnt] v. 再植;改种;移(民);使复位

    replant: re-再次,重新 + -plant-种植 → 再次种植,重新种植 → 再植,改种,复位

  3. implant [ɪmˈplænt] n. [医]移植物,植入管;移植的组织 vt. 移植;灌输;植入,插入 vi. (受精卵)着床;被移植

    implant: im-进入 + -plant-种植 → 种植进去 → 植入,移植,灌输

  4. transplant [trænsˈplænt] v. 移植;移栽;使移居 n. 移植;移植器官;被移植物;移居者

    transplant: trans-转移 + -plant-种植 → 转移种植 → 移植,移居

单词家谱

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plant 种植,植物,工厂,电厂

来自拉丁语planta,草木,植物,嫩枝,脚底板,来自PIE*plat,展开,放平,来自PIE*pele,展开,放平,词源同plan,place.引申动词词义种植,栽培,并由此引申工厂,工厂设备,电厂等诸多词义。

plant (n.)

Old English plante "young tree or shrub, herb newly planted, a shoot or strip recently sprouted from seed," from Latin planta "sprout, shoot, cutting" (source of Spanish planta, French plante), which is perhaps from an unattested verb *plantare "to drive in with the feet, push into the ground with the feet," or perhaps "to level the earth," from planta "sole of the foot," from nasalized form of PIE root *plat- "to spread."  German Pflanz, Irish cland, Welsh plant also are from Latin.

Broader sense of "any small vegetable life, vegetation generally" (sometimes popularly excluding trees), "an individual living being with material organization but not animal in nature" is recorded by 1550s.

Most extended usages are from the verb, on the notion of "something planted;" such as "construction for an industrial process," 1789, at first with reference to the machinery, tools, apparatus, etc., later also the building; also slang meaning "a spy" (1812). Many of these follow similar developments in the French form of the word.

plant (v.)

Old English plantian "put or set in the ground to grow" (transitive and intransitive), also "introduce and establish, set up for the first time," from Latin *plantare "to plant, drive in with the feet" (see plant (n.)). Reinforced by cognate Old French planter.

Without reference to growing, "to insert firmly," late 14c. Of colonies, "introduce and establish new settlers in," from c. 1300. Figuratively, of ideas, etc., from early 15c. Meaning "to station (someone) for a surreptitious or secret purpose" is by 1690s; sense of "place (something) in a concealed place to mislead a later discoverer" is by 1865. In pugilistic slang, "to land, deliver" (a blow, etc.) by 1808. Meaning "to bury" is U.S. slang from U.S., 1855. Related: Planted; planting.

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