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shell

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[ʃɛl] [ʃɛl]

n.(贝、卵、坚果等的)壳;外壳;炮弹;(人的)表面性格

vt.去壳,脱落;炮击

vi.剥皮;炮轰

常用短语

场景例句

  1. Why can she live without a shell?

    为什么没有壳她还能活下去?

  2. Never microwave egg in the shell.

    勿将带壳的鸡蛋放入微波炉内加热。

  3. A shell [ An arrow ] whizzed past.

    一枚炮弹[一支箭]嗖地飞过。

    《新英汉大辞典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 这两个名词均与"枪弹"有关。
  • bullet 含义广泛,指各种枪用的子弹。

    shell 指发射后会爆炸的炮弹。

    词根: -shell-
  1. shell [ʃɛl] n. (贝、卵、坚果等的)壳;外壳;炮弹;(人的)表面性格 vt. 去壳,脱落;炮击 vi. 剥皮;炮轰

    shell: -shell-壳

单词家谱

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shell 壳,壳体,外壳,炮弹

来自古英语 scell,贝壳,蛋壳,来自 Proto-Germanic*skaljo,分开,切开,来自 PIE*skel,切,分,词源同 scale,shelf.引申诸相关比喻义。

shell 壳,外壳,贝壳;炮弹

来源于日耳曼语skal-,skel-(分开)。

shell (n.)

Old English sciell, scill, Anglian scell "seashell, eggshell," related to Old English scealu "shell, husk," from Proto-Germanic *skaljo "piece cut off; shell; scale" (source also of West Frisian skyl "peel, rind," Middle Low German schelle "pod, rind, egg shell," Gothic skalja "tile"), with the shared notion of "covering that splits off," from PIE root *skel- (1) "to cut." Italian scaglia "chip" is from Germanic.

Sense of "mere exterior" is from 1650s; that of "hollow framework" is from 1791. Meaning "structure for a band or orchestra" is attested from 1938. Military use (1640s) was first of hand grenades, in reference to the metal case in which the gunpowder and shot were mixed; the notion is of a "hollow object" filled with explosives. Hence shell shock, first recorded 1915. Shell game "a swindle" is from 1890, from a version of three-card monte played with a pea and walnut shells.

shell (v.)

1560s, "to remove (a nut, etc.) from a shell," from shell (n.). The meaning "to bombard with shells" is first attested 1856. To shell out "disburse" (1801) is a figurative use from the image of extracting nuts. Related: Shelled; shelling.

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