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shine

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ʃaɪn] [ʃaɪn]

vi.发出光;反射光,闪耀;出类拔萃,表现突出;露出

vt.照射,把光射后;〈口〉通过擦拭使…变得有光泽或光亮

n.光亮,光泽;好天气;擦皮鞋;鬼把戏或诡计

常用短语

  1. shine in

    照射进来

  2. shine at

    干得出色,shine in出众

  3. rise and shine

    起床喜洋洋(英语歌谣)

场景例句

  1. Baby, let us shine.

    宝贝,让我们大放光芒吧!

  2. Why does the sun shine?

    为什么太阳会发光?

  3. Two lakes shine the moon.

    两个湖闪烁着月光。

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • n. 阳光,晴天
  • rain

    词根: -shine- 照耀,发光
  1. moonshine [ˈmunˌʃaɪn] n. 月光;空谈;妄想;私酒

    moonshine: moon 月亮 + shine 光亮 → 趁着月光酿造非法的威士忌酒 → 私酒

  2. shine [ʃaɪn] vi. 发出光;反射光,闪耀;出类拔萃,表现突出;露出 vt. 照射,把光射后;〈口〉通过擦拭使…变得有光泽或光亮 n. 光亮,光泽;好天气;擦皮鞋;鬼把戏或诡计

    shine: -shin-照耀,发光 + -e 动词或名词后缀

单词家谱

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shine 照耀,照明,发光

来自古英语 scinan,照耀,照明,发光,来自 Proto-Germanic*skinan,照耀,发光,来自 PIE*skai,照耀,发光,词源同 sheen,shimmer.

shine (v.)

Old English scinan "shed light, be radiant, be resplendent, illuminate," of persons, "be conspicuous" (class I strong verb; past tense scan, past participle scinen), from Proto-Germanic *skeinanan (source also of Old Saxon and Old High German skinan, Old Norse and Old Frisian skina, Dutch schijnen, German scheinen, Gothic skeinan "to shine, appear"), which perhaps is from a PIE root *skai- "to shine, to gleam" (source also of Old Church Slavonic sinati "to flash up, shine"). Transitive meaning "to black (boots)" is from 1610s. Related: Shined (in the shoe polish sense), otherwise shone; shining.

shine (n.)

1520s, "brightness," from shine (v.). Meaning "polish given to a pair of boots" is from 1871. Derogatory meaning "black person" is from 1908 (perhaps from glossiness of skin or, on another guess, from frequent employment as shoeshines). Phrase to take a shine to "fancy" is American English slang from 1839, perhaps from shine up to "attempt to please as a suitor." Shiner is from late 14c. as "something that shines;" sense of "black eye" first recorded 1903, American English, in East Side immigrant dialect.

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