外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

skin

高中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[skɪn] [skɪn]

n.皮肤;外皮

vt.剥皮

vi.愈合;长皮

常用短语

  1. skin on

    带皮的胴体

  2. skin deep

    肤浅的,表面的

  3. skin effect

    集肤效应

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Too much sun ages the skin.

    晒太阳过多会使皮肤衰老。

    《牛津词典》

  2. My skin goes red and blotchy.

    我的皮肤变红而且起了斑点。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. His skin was dry and flaking.

    他的皮肤干燥,脱皮屑。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“皮,皮肤”的意思,区别是:
  • skin 最常用词,指人的皮肤或动物的皮,也可指水果、植物和种子等的外皮。

    leather 通常指经过加工的熟皮,可用于制作各种皮革制品。

    fur 现多指猫、兔等动物软毛皮,也指其它动物的毛皮。

    hide 多指大型动物的厚皮,也指没有鞣的牛、马等皮革。

    peel 指剩下的或可以剥去的果皮或蔬菜皮。

    词根: -skin- 皮肤
  1. skin [skɪn] n. 皮肤;外皮 vt. 剥皮 vi. 愈合;长皮

    skin: -skin-皮肤

单词家谱

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skin 皮,皮肤

古印欧语sek-(切)在拉丁语中为secare(切割),进入英语产生了众多含词根-sec-,-sect-,-seg-(切割)的词汇;sek-(切)的引申词sken-(切下),进入斯堪的纳维亚语中为skinn,其意义为“剥皮,剥去外层”,古英语时期末进入英语。

与词根-sec-,-sect-,-seg-(切割)同源

【同源词】:sickle

skin 皮肤,兽皮,毛皮,剥皮

来自古诺斯语 skinn,兽皮,毛皮,来自 Proto-Germanic*skintha,分开,剥皮,来自 PIE*sken,砍,切,来自 PIE*sek,砍,切,词源同 segment,shear.后词义通用化为皮肤。

skin (n.)

c. 1200, "animal hide" (usually dressed and tanned), from Old Norse skinn "animal hide, fur," from Proto-Germanic *skinth- (source also of Old English scinn (rare), Old High German scinten, German schinden "to flay, skin;" German dialectal schind "skin of a fruit," Flemish schinde "bark"), from PIE *sken- "to peel off, flay" (source also of Breton scant "scale of a fish," Irish scainim "I tear, I burst"), extended form of root *sek- "to cut."

Ful of fleissche Y was to fele, Now ... Me is lefte But skyn & boon. [hymn, c. 1430]

The usual Anglo-Saxon word is hide (n.1). Meaning "epidermis of a living animal or person" is attested from early 14c.; extended to fruits, vegetables, etc. late 14c. Jazz slang sense of "drum" is from 1927. Meaning "a skinhead" is from 1970. As an adjective, it formerly had a slang sense of "cheating" (1868); sense of "pornographic" is attested from 1968. Skin deep is first attested in this:

All the carnall beauty of my wife, Is but skin-deep. [Sir Thomas Overbury, "A Wife," 1613; the poem was a main motive for his murder]

The skin of one's teeth as the narrowest of margins is attested from 1550s in the Geneva Bible literal translation of the Hebrew text in Job xix.20. To get under (someone's) skin "annoy" is from 1896. Skin-graft is from 1871. Skin merchant "recruiting officer" is from 1792.

skin (v.)

late 14c., "to remove the skin from" (originally of circumcision), from skin (n.). As "to have (a particular kind of) skin" from c. 1400. In 19c. U.S. colloquial use, "to strip, fleece, plunder;" hence skin-game, one in which one player has no chance against the others (as with a stacked deck), the type of con game played in a skin-house. Skin the cat in gymnastics is from 1845. Related: Skinned; skinning.

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