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after

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ˈæftə(r)] [ˈæftə(r)]

prep.…后的;(表示时间)在…以后;(表示位置、顺序)在…后面

conj.在…以后

adv.以后,继后

adj.后来的,以后的

常用短语

  1. go after

    追求,追逐

  2. ever after

    从此以后一直

  3. after hours

    adv. 下班,工作完毕后

场景例句

  1. We'll leave after lunch.

    我们将在午饭后动身。

    《牛津词典》

  2. I am a seeker after truth.

    我是一名真理的追求者。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. I got here just after nine.

    我到达这里时刚过九点。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“在……后面”的意思,区别是:
  • after和behind用来表地点时,前者强调的是顺序的先后,而后者侧重方向和位置的前后关系。请比较:The student sat after me.那个学生坐在我后面。(我坐在他前面)。The student sat behind me.那学生坐在我背后。after与behind用于指时间时,前者强调时间的先后顺序,而后者则着重于表示"落后……"或"迟于……"的概念。试比较:Who ruled after James I?詹姆斯一世之后是谁统治的?You are forty minutes behind schedule.你比规定的时间迟了40分钟。after多用于表示因时间上的先后而造成顺序的前后场合,behind则常用于仅指位置上的前后关系。请比较:Please shut the door after you.请随手关门。Please shut the door behind you.请关上你身后的门。

    at the back of 这个前置词短语既可指具体的位置的先后,又可用于指抽象的概念。

    词根: -after- 后面
  1. after [ˈæftə(r)] prep. …后的;(表示时间)在…以后;(表示位置、顺序)在…后面 conj. 在…以后 adv. 以后,继后 adj. 后来的,以后的

    after: -after-后面

单词家谱

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after 在后

来自PIE *apo,从,后面,词源同前缀ab-,单词of。-ter比较级后缀。

after (adv., prep.)

Old English æfter "behind; later in time" (adv.); "behind in place; later than in time; in pursuit, following with intent to overtake" (prep.), from of "off" (see off (adv.)) + -ter, a comparative suffix; thus the original meaning was "more away, farther off." Compare Old Norse eptir "after," Old Frisian efter, Dutch achter, Old High German aftar, Gothic aftra "behind;" also see aft. Cognate with Greek apotero "farther off," Old Persian apataram "further."

From c. 1300 as "in imitation of." As a conjunction, "subsequent to the time that," from late Old English. After hours "hours after regular working hours" is from 1814. Afterwit "wisdom that comes too late" is attested from c. 1500 but seems to have fallen from use. After you as an expression in yielding precedence is recorded by 1650.

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