外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

ask

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[æsk] [æsk]

vt.& vi.问,询问;需要;要求,请求;邀请

vt.邀请;请求允许;要价;询问

vi.请,邀请;询问;要求

常用短语

  1. ask for

    请求,询问,要求,寻找,请求,要求

  2. ask for…

    请求,恳求(给予)

场景例句

  1. Can I ask a favour?

    请帮个忙行吗?

    《牛津词典》

  2. Ask that there girl.

    问那里的那个女孩。

  3. I didn't dare to ask.

    我不敢问。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“问,询问”的意思,区别是:
  • ask 最普通用词,可与demand, inquire和question换用,但ask用于口语中,指提出问题让人回答。

    demand 指根据自己的权利、职责或身份认为有必要弄清情况而正式发问,常隐含命令对方回答的意味。

    inquire 较正式用词,指为得到真实情况而详细询问或调查了解。

    question 指因感到可疑或为了解情况,弄清究竟而发问,有时指一连串的发问。

  • 以下词都有“要求,请求”的意思,区别是:
  • ask 最普通用词,指向对方提出要求或请求,长、晚辈,上下级之间都可使用。

    beg 指恳切地或再三地请求或要求,常含低三下四意味,也多用于应酬场合。

    demand 一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。

    require 强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。

    request 正式用词,指非常正式,有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答应的意味。

    implore 书面用词,着重指迫切、焦急或痛苦地恳求或哀求,常含较强的感情色彩。

    claim 指有权或宣称有权得到而公开提出的要求。

    pray 语气庄重,指热情、诚恳和敬祈的要求,现不很常用。

    entreat 泛指一般"恳求或哀求",含企图说服对方或用热烈的请求软化反对意见的意味。

    词根: -ask-
  1. ask [æsk] vt.& vi. 问,询问;需要;要求,请求;邀请 vt. 邀请;请求允许;要价;询问 vi. 请,邀请;询问;要求

    ask: -ask-问

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

ask 问

来自PIE *ais,希望,愿望。

ask (v.)

Old English ascian "ask, call for an answer; make a request," from earlier ahsian, from Proto-Germanic *aiskojanan (source also of Old Saxon escon, Old Frisian askia "request, demand, ask," Middle Dutch eiscen, Dutch eisen "to ask, demand," Old High German eiscon "to ask (a question)," German heischen "to ask, demand"), from PIE *ais- "to wish, desire" (source also of Sanskrit icchati "seeks, desires," Armenian aic "investigation," Old Church Slavonic iskati "to seek," Lithuanian ieškau, ieškoti "to seek").

Form in English influenced by a Scandinavian cognate (such as Danish æske; the Old English would have evolved by normal sound changes into ash, esh, which was a Midlands and southwestern England dialect form). Modern dialectal ax is as old as Old English acsian and was an accepted literary variant until c. 1600. Related: Asked; asking.

Old English also had fregnan/frignan which carried more directly the sense of "question, inquire," and is from PIE root *prek-, the common source of words for "ask" in most Indo-European languages (see pray). If you ask me "in my opinion" is attested from 1910.

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信