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[bæk] [bæk]

n.背,背部;背面,反面;后面,后部;(椅子等的)靠背

vt.使后退;支持;加背书于;下赌注于

vi.后退;倒退

adj.背部的;后面的;以前的;拖欠的

adv.以前;向后地

常用短语

  1. back on

    背靠

  2. back in

    [体育]后内刃

  3. go back

    回去,追溯

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I'll be right back.

    我马上就回来。

    《牛津词典》

  2. I went back to bed.

    我回到床上。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. I've got a bad back.

    我背部疼痛。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“支持,支援,拥护”的意思,区别是:
  • back 通常指对论点、行动、事业等的强有力支持。

    uphold 既可指积极努力对陷入困境者的支持,也可指给某人在行动、道义或信仰上的支持。

    support 含义广泛,多指在道义上或物质上支持某人,也可指对某项事业的支持。

    sustain 侧重指连续不断的支持。

    advocate 多指通过写文章或发表演说等来支持或拥护,往往暗示提倡某事或为某事辩护。

  • 以下词都有“在后,向后”的意思,区别是:
  • back 作为副词或形容词时,强调所修饰物的位置以及动作运动方向。

    backward 可用于人或物,指向后的,落后的或迟钝的。

    hind 指成对并且分前后的东西的"后面的"。

    behind 指一物同它物相对的位置或场所。

    词根: -back- 背,后面
  1. back [bæk] n. 背,背部;背面,反面;后面,后部;(椅子等的)靠背 vt. 使后退;支持;加背书于;下赌注于 vi. 后退;倒退 adj. 背部的;后面的;以前的;拖欠的 adv. 以前;向后地

    back: -back-背,后面 → 背部的;后面的 → 后退,倒退

  2. backpack [ˈbækˌpæk] n. 双肩背包,背包;远足用的背包 vt. 挑运;把…放入背包 vi. 背负简便行李旅行;挑运

    backpack: -back-背 + pack 包 → 背包

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

back 后面,背

在日耳曼语系的其它分支中可以找到其影子,例如古高地德语中的bah,古斯堪的纳维亚语中的bak。

back 背,后面

词源不详,可能来自拉丁词bacilum,杆,指脊柱,竖背。与ridge,山脊,横背相对应。

back (n.)

Old English bæc "back," from Proto-Germanic *bakam (cognates: Old Saxon and Middle Dutch bak, Old Frisian bek), with no known connections outside Germanic. In other modern Germanic languages the cognates mostly have been ousted in this sense by words akin to Modern English ridge (such as Danish ryg, German Rücken).

Many Indo-European languages show signs of once having distinguished the horizontal back of an animal (or a mountain range) from the upright back of a human. In other cases, a modern word for "back" may come from a word related to "spine" (Italian schiena, Russian spina) or "shoulder, shoulder blade" (Spanish espalda, Polish plecy).

By synecdoche, "the whole body," especially with reference to clothing. Meaning "upright part of a chair" is from 1520s. To turn (one's) back on (someone or something) "ignore" is from early 14c. As a U.S. football position by 1876, so called from being behind the line of rushers; further distinguished according to relative position as quarterback, halfback, fullback.

To know (something) like the back of one's hand, implying familiarity, is first attested 1893 in a dismissive speech made to a character in Robert Louis Stevenson's "Catriona":

If I durst speak to herself, you may be certain I would never dream of trusting it to you; because I know you like the back of my hand, and all your blustering talk is that much wind to me.

The story, a sequel to "Kidnapped," has a Scottish setting and context, and the back of my hand to you was noted in the late 19th century as a Scottish expression meaning "I will have nothing to do with you" [see Longmuir's edition of Jamieson's Scottish dictionary]. In English generally, the back of (one's) hand has been used to imply contempt and rejection at least since 1300. Perhaps the connection of a menacing dismissal is what made Stevenson choose that particular anatomical reference.

back (v.)

mid-15c., "to keep something back, hinder," from back (adv.). Meaning "cause to move back" is from 1781. Intransitive sense "move or go back" is from late 15c. Meaning "furnish with a back or backing" is from 1728, from back (n.). Meaning "to support" (as by a bet) is attested from 1540s. Related: Backed; backing.

back (adj.)

"being behind, away from the front, in a backward direction," Middle English, from back (n.) and back (adv.); often difficult to distinguish from these when the word is used in combinations. Formerly with comparative backer (c. 1400), also backermore. To be on the back burner in the figurative sense is from 1960, from the image of a cook keeping a pot there to simmer while at work on another concoction at the front of the stove.

back (adv.)

"to or toward the rear or the original starting place; in the past; behind in position," literally or figuratively, late 14c., shortened from abak, from Old English on bæc "backwards, behind, aback" (see back (n.), and compare aback). To give (something) back is to give it again, to give it in the opposite direction to that in which it was formerly given. Adverbial phrase back and forth is attested by 1814.

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