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by

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[baɪ] [baɪ]

prep.在…旁边;表示方式;由于;经过;到…之前

adv.经过;表示保留或保存时用;短暂拜访

常用短语

  1. by and by

    不久以后

  2. by and large

    大体上,总的来说

场景例句

  1. I live by myself.

    我自己一个人生活。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Who's that book by?

    谁是那本书的作者?

    《牛津词典》

  3. She lives by herself.

    她独自一人生活。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

by 靠近,按照

来自PIE *ambhi,在周围的。bhi,同前缀bi-,两。词源同two.

by (prep., adv.)

Old English be- (unstressed) or bi (stressed) "near, in, by, during, about," from Proto-Germanic *bi "around, about," in compounds often merely intensive (source also of Old Saxon and Old Frisian bi "by, near," Middle Dutch bie, Dutch bij, German bei "by, at, near," Gothic bi "about"), from PIE *bhi, reduced form of root *ambhi- "around."

As an adverb by c. 1300, "near, close at hand." OED (2nd ed. print) has 38 distinct definitions of it as a preposition. Originally an adverbial particle of place, which sense survives in place names (Whitby, Grimsby, etc., also compare rudesby). Elliptical use for "secondary course" was in Old English (opposed to main, as in byway, also compare by-blow "illegitimate child," 1590s, Middle English loteby "a concubine," from obsolete lote "to lurk, lie hidden"). This also is the sense of the second by in the phrase by the by (1610s). By the way literally means "along the way" (c. 1200), hence "in passing by," used figuratively to introduce a tangential observation ("incidentally") by 1540s.

To swear by something or someone is in Old English, perhaps originally "in the presence of." Phrase by and by (early 14c.) originally meant "one by one," with by apparently denoting succession; modern sense of "before long" is from 1520s. By and large "in all its length and breadth" (1660s) originally was nautical, "sailing to the wind and off it," hence "in one direction then another;" from nautical expression large wind, one that crosses the ship's line in a favorable direction.

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