外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

case

CET4考研IELTSGRE

[kes] [kes]

n.(实)例,事例;情况,状况;诉讼(事件),案件,判例;容器(箱,盒)

vt.把…装入箱(或盒等)内;加盖于;包围,围住;[俚语](尤指盗窃前)探察,侦查,窥测

常用短语

  1. in case

    conj. 万一,假使

  2. use case

    使用案例,使用实例

  3. test case

    [律]判例案件

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He zipped his case shut.

    他拉上了箱子的拉锁。

    《牛津词典》

  2. The lawyers argued the case.

    律师们辩论这案件。

  3. The case never came to trial.

    这个案件从未开庭审理。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“例子,事例”的意思,区别是:
  • example 普通用词,指能代表同类事物性质或一般规律的典型例子。

    instance 多指用于说明、支持或反证一般事实或理论的事例。

    case 多指需要加以认真研究的实例,如病例,案例等。

    sample 通常指样品。

    illustration 指用来说明、解释某种理论或看法而引用的例证。

    specimen可与sample换用,但常指人或物中选出的有代表性部分,或指供科研、化验或检验用的标本。

    词根: -cas- 降落
  1. occasion [əˈkeɪʒn] n. 机会,时机;场合;理由;需要 vt. 惹起,引起

    occasion: oc-去 + -cas-降落 → 突然降临 → 偶然发生 → 引申词义时机,场合 + -ion 名词后缀

  2. casual [ˈkæʒuəl] adj. 偶然的;临时的;随便的;非正式的 n. 临时工人;[军]待命士兵;没有固定工作的劳动者;不定期领取救济金的人;便装;便鞋;临时工

    casual: -cas-降落 → 突然降临 → 偶然发生 → 偶然,临时,随便 + -u-中缀 + -al 形容词或名词后缀

  3. case [kes] n. (实)例,事例;情况,状况;诉讼(事件),案件,判例;容器(箱,盒) vt. 把…装入箱(或盒等)内;加盖于;包围,围住;[俚语](尤指盗窃前)探察,侦查,窥测

    case: -cas-降落 → 突然降临 → 突然发生的事情 → 情况,实例 + -e 名词后缀;-cas-拿,抓 → 抓住 → 包围,装箱 + -e 名词或动词后缀

  4. cascade [kæˈsked] n. 倾泻;小瀑布,瀑布状物;串联 vi. 流注;大量落下

    cascade: -cas-降落 + -cad-降落 → 降落再降落 → 倾泻,串联 + -e 名词或动词后缀

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

case 情况,状况,真相,案例

来源于拉丁语动词cad.ere(落下)的过去分词cas.us;落下意味着降临,降临意味着意外发生的情况或案例;所以chance(机会,碰巧)从根本上讲也来源于拉丁语动词cadere(落下)。

词根词缀:-cas-落下,降临,发生 + -e

同源词:cadaver,chance,cheat,chute,decay,deciduous 词组/短语:in any case 无论如何,总之in no case 决不,在任何情况下都不in case (后跟从句)以防,免得in case of (后跟名词或名词性词组)以防,免得,万一in the case of 就…而言

case 情况,盒子

1.情况,来自词根cad,掉落,词源同case,accident.

2.盒子,来自拉丁词capsa,盒子,词源同accept,capture.

case 箱,盒,框

来源于拉丁语动词capere(拿,取)的派生名词capsa,capsae,f(盒子)。

-cap-拿,取 → case

case (n.1)

early 13c., "what befalls one; state of affairs," from Old French cas "an event, happening, situation, quarrel, trial," from Latin casus "a chance, occasion, opportunity; accident, mishap," literally "a falling," from cas-, past-participle stem of cadere "to fall, sink, settle down, decline, perish" (used widely: of the setting of heavenly bodies, the fall of Troy, suicides), from PIE root *kad- "to fall."

The notion is of "that which falls" as "that which happens" (compare befall). From its general nature, the word has taken on widespread extended and transferred meanings. Meaning "instance, example" is from c. 1300. Meaning "actual state of affairs" is from c. 1400. In law, "an instance of litigation" (late 14c.); in medicine, "an instance of a disease" (late 14c.).

The grammatical sense, "one of the forms which make up the inflections of a noun" (late 14c.) also was in Latin, translating Greek ptōsis "declension," literally "a falling." "A noun in the nominative singular ..., or a verb in the present indicative ...,

is conceived as standing straight. Then it falls, or is bent, or

declines into various positions" [Gilbert Murray, "Greek Studies"]

U.S. slang meaning "person" (especially one peculiar or remarkable in any way) is from 1848. Meaning "incident or series of events requiring police investigation" is from 1838. In case "in the event" is recorded from mid-14c. Case-history is from 1879, originally medical; case-study "study of a particular case" is from 1879, originally legal; case-law "law as settled by previous court cases" is from 1861.

case (n.2)

"receptacle, box, that which encloses or contains," early 14c., from Anglo-French and Old North French casse (Old French chasse "case, reliquary;" Modern French châsse), from Latin capsa "box, repository" (especially for books), from capere "to take, hold" (from PIE root *kap- "to grasp").

Meaning "outer protective covering" is from late 14c. Also used from 1660s with a sense of "frame" (as in staircase, casement). Artillery sense is from 1660s, from case-shot "small projectiles put in cases" (1620s). Its application in the printing trade (first recorded 1580s) to the two shallow wooden trays where compositors keep their types in compartments for easy access led to upper-case for capital letters (1862), so called from its higher position on the compositor's sloped work-table, and lower-case for small letters.

The cases, or receptacles, for the type, which are always in pairs, and termed the 'upper' and the 'lower,' are formed of two oblong wooden frames, divided into compartments or boxes of different dimensions, the upper case containing ninety-eight and the lower fifty-four. In the upper case are placed the capital, small capital, and accented letters, also figures, signs for reference to notes &c.; in the lower case the ordinary running letter, points for punctuation, spaces for separating the words, and quadrats for filling up the short lines. [The Literary Gazette, Jan. 29, 1859]

case (v.)

"enclose in a case," 1570s, from case (n.2). Related: Cased; casing.

Meaning "examine, inspect" (usually prior to robbing) is from 1915, American English slang, perhaps from the notion of giving a place a look on all sides. Compare technical case (v.) "cover the outside of a building with a different material" (1707), from case (n.) "external portion of a building" (1670s).

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