外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

child

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[tʃaɪld] [tʃaɪld]

n.小孩,孩子;幼稚的人;产物;弟子

常用短语

  1. only child

    独生子女

  2. with child

    怀孕

  3. love child

    私生子

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He's a child from hell.

    他这个孩子坏透了。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. He had been a sickly child.

    他过去一直是个体弱多病的孩子。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. Murphy sounds like a child.

    墨菲听起来像个孩子。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • n. 小孩,儿童
  • adult

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“孩子”的意思,区别是:
  • baby 日常用词,一般指从刚出生的婴儿到满两岁的或非常小的孩子,常含钟爱意味。

    child 普通用词,含义广,无感情色彩。泛指从胎儿、婴儿到10岁左右的儿童。

    infant 书面用词,狭义指出生后到两岁的小孩,广义指7岁以下的孩子;法律上则指未到法定年龄。

    youngster 泛指任何年龄的儿童或者少年,多指男孩,多为年长者的使用。

    词根: -child- 小孩
  1. child [tʃaɪld] n. 小孩,孩子;幼稚的人;产物;弟子

    child: -child-小孩

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

child 小孩,儿童,儿女

child很孤立,在日耳曼语族中英语之外的其它分支中找不到同源词;史前日耳曼语中的根源为kiltham,与哥特语kilthei(子宫)有关联。

child 儿童

来自PIE*gel,膨胀,子宫。词源同calf,dolphin. 字面意思即刚出生的婴儿。

child (n.)

Old English cild "fetus, infant, unborn or newly born person," from Proto-Germanic *kiltham (source also of Gothic kilþei "womb," inkilþo "pregnant;" Danish kuld "children of the same marriage;" Old Swedish kulder "litter;" Old English cildhama "womb," lit. "child-home"); no certain cognates outside Germanic. "App[arently] originally always used in relation to the mother as the 'fruit of the womb'" [Buck]. Also in late Old English, "a youth of gentle birth" (archaic, usually written childe). In 16c.-17c. especially "girl child."

The wider sense "young person before the onset of puberty" developed in late Old English. Phrase with child "pregnant" (late 12c.) retains the original sense. The sense extension from "infant" to "child" also is found in French enfant, Latin infans. Meaning "one's own child; offspring of parents" is from late 12c. (the Old English word was bearn; see bairn). Figurative use from late 14c. Most Indo-European languages use the same word for "a child" and "one's child," though there are exceptions (such as Latin liberi/pueri).

The difficulty with the plural began in Old English, where the nominative plural was at first cild, identical with the singular, then c.975 a plural form cildru (genitive cildra) arose, probably for clarity's sake, only to be re-pluraled late 12c. as children, which is thus a double plural. Middle English plural cildre survives in Lancashire dialect childer and in Childermas.

Child abuse is attested by 1963; child-molester from 1950. Child care is from 1915. Child's play, figurative of something easy, is in Chaucer (late 14c.):

I warne yow wel, it is no childes pley To take a wyf withouten auysement. ["Merchant's Tale"]
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