外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

come

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[kʌm] [kʌm]

vi.来;开始;出现;发生

vt.做;装扮…的样子;将满(…岁)

int.嗨!

常用短语

  1. come up

    走近,发生,开始,上升,发芽,被提出

  2. come in

    进来,到达,流行起来

  3. come on

    v. 快点,开始,要求,上演,跟着来,突然产生

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Can I come too?

    我也可以来吗?

    《牛津词典》

  2. Have you come far?

    你是远道来的吗?

    《牛津词典》

  3. He was glad he'd come.

    他很高兴他来了。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“变成,成为”的意思,区别是:
  • become 最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。

    get 常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。

    grow 常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。

    turn 侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。

    go 作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。

    come 侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。

  • 以下词都有“到达”的意思,区别是:
  • come 普通用词,含义广泛。强调到达的动作或进程,不侧重是否到达目的地。也可用于比喻意义。

    arrive 侧重到达目的地或达到某一目标。也可用作比喻。

    reach 既可指到达目的地,又可指到达途中的中间站。强调经过的周折或付出的努力。

    词根: -come-
  1. come [kʌm] vi. 来;开始;出现;发生 vt. 做;装扮…的样子;将满(…岁) int. 嗨!

    come: -come-来

  2. overcome [ˌoʊvərˈkʌm] vt.& vi. 战胜,克服;压倒,制服,…不堪 vt. 被(烟、感情等)熏[压]倒,使受不了 vi. 受到…的极大影响

    overcome: over-上 + come 来 → 从上面来 → 跨越 → 战胜,克服

  3. become [bɪˈkʌm] vi. 变为,成为;变得;变成 vt. 适合,适宜;相称,相当;变成;发生

    become: be-强调 + come 来 → 原始含义是来到 → 12 世纪扩展词义变成,适合、相称

  4. welcome [ˈwɛlkəm] vt. 欢迎;乐于接受 adj. 受欢迎的;令人愉悦的;表示感谢的 n. 欢迎,迎接

    welcome: wel-希望,渴望 + come 来 → 渴望您的到来,欢迎您的光临

  5. income [ˈɪnˌkʌm] n. 收入,进款;进来的动作;进入

    income: in-进入 + come 来 → 进来 → 引申词义收入,收益

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

come 来,来临,到达,出现,来(自)

来源于史前日耳曼语中;"来"的说法,在德语中是kommen,荷兰语中是komen,瑞典语中是komma,和英语的come自然是同源的。

come 来

来自PIE*gwa,*gwem,来,往,词源同acrobat,base,advent.

come (v.)

elementary intransitive verb of motion, Old English cuman "to move with the purpose of reaching, or so as to reach, some point; to arrive by movement or progression;" also "move into view, appear, become perceptible; come to oneself, recover; arrive; assemble" (class IV strong verb; past tense cuom, com, past participle cumen), from Proto-Germanic *kwem- (source also of Old Saxon cuman, Old Frisian kuma, Middle Dutch comen, Dutch komen, Old High German queman, German kommen, Old Norse koma, Gothic qiman), from PIE root *gwa- "to go, come."

The substitution of Middle English -o- for Old English -u- was a scribal habit before minims to avoid misreading the letters in the old style handwriting, which jammed them together (see U). Modern past tense form came is Middle English, probably from Old Norse kvam, replacing Old English cuom.

Meaning "to happen, occur" is from early 12c. (come to pass "happen, occur" is from 1520s). As an invitation to action, c. 1300; as a call or appeal to a person (often in expanded forms: "come, come," "come, now"), mid-14c. Come again? as an off-hand way of asking "what did you say?" is attested by 1884. For sexual senses, see cum.

Remarkably productive with prepositions (NTC's "Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs" lists 198 combinations); consider the varied senses in come to "regain consciousness," come over "possess" (as an emotion), come at "attack," come on (interj.) "be serious," and come off "occur, have some level of success" (1864). Among other common expressions are:

To come down with "become ill with" (a disease), 1895; come in, of a radio operator, "begin speaking," 1958; come on "advance in growth or development," c. 1600; come out, of a young woman, "make a formal entry into society," 1782; come round "return to a normal state or better condition," 1841; come through "act as desired or expected," 1914; come up "arise as a subject of attention," 1844; come up with "produce, present," 1934.

To have it coming "deserve what one suffers" is from 1904. To come right down to it "get to fundamental facts" is from 1875.

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