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country

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ˈkʌntri] [ˈkʌntri]

n.国家;国民;乡下;地区

常用短语

  1. open country

    空旷的野外

  2. country home

    乡间住宅,乡村家庭

  3. country road

    农村道路

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Australia's a big country.

    澳大利亚是一个幅员辽阔的国家。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. The country is in ferment.

    这个国家动荡不安。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Militarists ran the country.

    军国主义者把持这个国家。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • n. 乡下,郊外
  • town

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“国家”的意思,区别是:
  • nation 普通用词,指在某一国土定居的人民、民族,强调人民。

    state 正式用词,指政治概念上的国家,即由政府所代表的国家。

    country 普通用词,侧重国土与人民。

    land 常用于文学中,侧重国土,带感情色彩。

    power 特指拥有强大军事力量,在国际事务中有较强权威或影响的国家,即强国、大国。

    词根: -country- 国家,乡下
  1. country [ˈkʌntri] n. 国家;国民;乡下;地区

    country: -country-国家,乡下

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

country (the ~)

中古拉丁语contratus意为“位于对面的”,拉丁语词组terra contrata意为“前面或对面的土地,向四周绵延”,进入古法语为cuntree,进入英语就变成了country;其最初的意义“土地区域”变为“被特定的人控制或占领的土地”、“国家”,但其意义“乡下”是直到16世纪才出现的;其英语中的派生词countryside可能出现于17世纪。

country 国家,乡村

来自counter-,相对,原指相对于他国而言的本国土地,即国家。后相对于城市而言的土地,即乡村。

country (n.)

mid-13c., "(one's) native land;" c. 1300, "any geographic area," sometimes with implications of political organization, from Old French contree, cuntrede "region, district, country," from Vulgar Latin *(terra) contrata "(land) lying opposite," or "(land) spread before one," in Medieval Latin "country, region," from Latin contra "opposite, against" (see contra-). The native word is land.

Also from c. 1300 as "area surrounding a walled city or town; the open country." By early 16c. the word was applied mostly to rural areas, as opposed to towns and cities. Meaning "inhabitants of a country, the people" is from c. 1300.

INTERVIEWER [Steve Rossi]: "Would you say you're the best fighter in the country?
PUNCH-DRUNK BOXER [Marty Allen]: "Yeah, but in the city they murder me." 

As an adjective from late 14c., "peculiar to one's own country (obsolete); by 1520s as "pertaining to or belonging to the rural parts of a region," typically with implications of "rude, unpolished."

Country air "fresh air" is from 1630s. First record of country-and-western as a music style is by 1942, American English. Country music is by 1968. Country club "recreational and social club, typically exclusive, located in or near the country" is by 1886. Country mile "a long way" is from 1915, American English. Country-mouse is from 1580s; the fable of the mouse cousins is as old as Aesop. Country road "road through rural regions" is from 1873.

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