外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

do

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[du] [du]

aux.构成疑问句和否定句;代替动词;用于加强语气

vt.做;干;进行;从事

vi.表现;进展;引起;行过

n.社交聚会;社交活动;宴会

常用短语

  1. do in

    使精疲力竭

  2. make do

    凑合着用,以…权充,设法达成

  3. do right

    做得对

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I don't do drugs.

    我不吸毒。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. What should I do?

    我该怎么办?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. Do as you're told!

    叫你怎么做你就怎么做!

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“做,执行,实施,完成”的意思,区别是:
  • perform 指完成困难较大、较复杂的任务。较正式用词。

    conduct和perform一样比较正式,二者意义相近,但conduct含指导、领导或监督等意味。

    do 最普通常用词,指完成某项具体工作、任务,也指完成某种行为或动作。

    execute 指需专门技术熟练技巧去完成某种复杂的任务或表演等,也指用行动把计划或打算付诸实施或执行某项命令。

    fulfil 指履行和实现所许诺的、所期望或要求的事情,含最终完成的意味。

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

do 做,执行

可追溯至古印欧语dhe-("地方,放置",--也是英语deed和doom的词源)。"地方,放置"的意义在后续的梵语dha-和希腊语tithemi(英语theme的同源词)中依然保留,延续到日耳曼语don出现了"制,做"的意义,到英语的do,"做"是其最主要的意义;在其它日耳曼语分支中,德语tun(做)和荷兰语doen(做)是英语do的同源词。

【同源词】:deed,doom,theme

do 做

来自PIE*dhe,做,制造,放置,词源同fact,theme.

do (v.)

"perform, execute, achieve, carry out, bring to pass by procedure of any kind," etc., etc., Middle English do, first person singular of Old English don "make, act, perform, cause; to put, to place," from West Germanic *doanan (source also of Old Saxon duan, Old Frisian dwa, Dutch doen, Old High German tuon, German tun), from PIE root *dhe- "to set, put, place."

Use as an auxiliary began in Middle English. Sense of "to put, place, lay" is obsolete except in phrases such as do away with. Periphrastic form in negative sentences (They did not think) replaced the Old English negative particles (Hie ne wendon).

Meaning "visit as a tourist" is from 1817. In old slang it meant "to hoax, cheat, swindle" (1640s). Slang meaning "to do the sex act with or to" is from 1913.

Slang do in "bring disaster upon, kill" is by 1905. To have to do with "have concern or connection with" is from late 13c. To do without "dispense with" is from 1713.  Expression do or die indicating determination to succeed despite dangers or obstacles is attested from 1620s.

Compare does, did, done.

do (n.1)

1590s, "commotion, trouble" (a sense now obsolete), from do (v.). From 1630s as "act of doing;" by 1824 as "something done in a set or formal manner;" by 1835 as "a cheat, a swindle." Phrase do's and dont's "things that out and ought not to be done" (variously apostrophed) is by 1899.

do (n.2)

first (and last) note of the diatonic scale, by 1754, from do, used as a substitution for ut (see gamut) for sonority's sake, first in Italy and Germany. U.S. slang do-re-mi "money" is from 1920s, probably a pun on dough in its slang sense of "cash."

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