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during

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[ˈdʊrɪŋ] [ˈdʊrɪŋ]

prep.在…的时候;在…期间,当…之时;其间

场景例句

  1. A storm arose during the night.

    夜间暴风雨大作。

    《牛津词典》

  2. During the drive, the baby slept.

    在行驶中那个婴儿睡了。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. Eggs were rationed during the war.

    战争期间,鸡蛋限量供应。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“在……期”的意思,区别是:
  • during 侧重指习惯性的某一段时间,而for指特定的某一段时间;during指继续的时间概念,突出事件发生的时刻,而for侧重事件持续时间的总长度。

    词根: -dur- 坚硬,持久
  1. during [ˈdʊrɪŋ] prep. 在…的时候;在…期间,当…之时;其间

    during: -dur-持久 + -ing 介词后缀 → 在一段时间内持续 → 引申义一段时间,期间

  2. endure [ɪnˈdʊr] vt. 忍耐;容忍 vi. 持续,持久;忍耐

    endure: en-使动 + -dur-持久 → 使持久 → 持续,持久 → 忍耐,容忍 + -e 动词后缀

  3. obdurate [ˈɑbdərət] adj. 顽固的;执拗的;麻木不仁的;冷酷无情的

    obdurate: ob-强调 + -dur-坚硬 → 坚硬不化 → 顽固,执拗 ,麻木 + -ate 形容词后缀

  4. dura ['djʊrə] n. 硬脑(脊)膜

    dura: -dur-坚硬 + -a 名词后缀 → 代指硬脑膜

单词家谱

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during 在期间

来自拉丁语durus,硬,词源同endure,tree.引申义持久,一段时间,期间。

during 在...期间

词根词缀:-dur-持久 + -ing

during (prep.)

"in the time of, in the course of, throughout the continuance of," late 14c., duryng (earlier durand, mid-14c.), present participle of the long-obsolete verb duren "to last, endure, continue, be or exist" (mid-13c.), which is from Old French durer, from Latin durare "to harden," from durus "hard" (from PIE root *deru- "be firm, solid, steadfast"). During the day is "while the day endures," and the prepositional usage is a transference into English of a Latin ablative absolute (compare durante bello "during (literally 'enduring') the war").

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