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family

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[ˈfæmli] [ˈfæmli]

n.家庭;家族;孩子;祖先

adj.家庭的;一家所有的;属于家庭的;适合全家人的

常用短语

  1. big family

    大家庭

  2. family tree

    家谱,系统,家系图,系谱图

  3. family life

    家庭生活

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Does he have any family?

    他有什么家人吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. They have a young family.

    他们家的孩子还小。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Of what family is he from?

    他出身于什么样的家庭?

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“家”的意思,区别是:
  • family 指构成一个家庭的全体成员,与家里的房子无关。

    home 侧重人们生长或长期居住或组织家庭的地方或房子,含感情色彩。

    house 指家里人居住的房屋,不带感情色彩。

    词根: -family- 家庭
  1. family [ˈfæmli] n. 家庭;家族;孩子;祖先 adj. 家庭的;一家所有的;属于家庭的;适合全家人的

    family: -family-家庭

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

family 家庭

来自拉丁语famulus,仆人,家仆。原义为带仆人的大家庭或家族。进一步来自PIE*dhe,做,建立,词源同do,fact.后词义通用化,也用于指三口之家的小家等。

family (n.)

early 15c., "servants of a household," from Latin familia "family servants, domestics collectively, the servants in a household," thus also "members of a household, the estate, property; the household, including relatives and servants," abstract noun formed from famulus "servant, slave," which is of unknown origin.

The Latin word rarely appears in the sense "parents with their children," for which domus (see domestic (adj.)) was used. Derivatives of famulus include famula "serving woman, maid," famulanter "in the manner of a servant," famulitas "servitude," familiaris "of one's household, private," familiaricus "of household slaves," familiaritas "close friendship."

In English, sense of "collective body of persons who form one household under one head and one domestic government, including parents, children, and servants, and as sometimes used even lodgers or boarders" [Century Dictionary] is from 1540s. From 1660s as "parents with their children, whether they dwell together or not," also in a more general sense, "persons closely related by blood, including aunts, uncles, cousins;" earlier "those who descend from a common progenitor, a house, a lineage" (1580s). Hence, "any group of things classed as kindred based on common distinguishing characteristics" (1620s); as a scientific classification, between genus and order, from 1753.

Latin familia often was glossed in Old English by hired, hyred "household, family, retinue" (for which see hide (n.2), and also by hiwscipe, hiwræden, hiwan "members of a family, household,  or religious house," which is cognate with Old Norse hjon "one of the household; married couple, man and wife; domestic servant," and with Old High German hiwo "husband," hiwa "wife," also with Lithuanian šeimyna "family," Gothic haims "village," Old English ham "village, home" (see home (n.)). A 15c. glossary has, for Latin familia, Middle English a menge, from Anglo-French maisnie "the household, the whole attendance upon the personal establishment of the feudal lord."

As an adjective from c. 1600; with the meaning "suitable for a family," by 1807. Family values is recorded by 1966. Phrase in a family way "pregnant" is from 1796. Family circle is 1809; family man "man devoted to wife and children, man inclined to lead a domestic life" is 1856 (earlier it meant "thief," 1788, from family in a slang sense of "the fraternity of thieves"). Family tree "graph of ancestral relations" attested from 1752.

He was dressed in his best Coat, which had served him in the same Capacity before my Birth, and possibly, might be but little short in Antiquity, to the Root of his third Family Tree; and indeed, he made a venerable Figure in it. ["A Genuine Account of the Life and Transactions of Howell ap David Price, Gentleman of Wales," London, 1752]
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