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first

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[fɜ:st] [fɜrst]

n.第一,最初;头等;一号,;[乐]高音部

adv.最早,最初;首次;宁愿;优先

adj.第一流的;最初的,最早的;基本的,概要的;高音的

num.第一

常用短语

  1. at first

    起先,首先,最初

  2. first day

    n. 星期日

  3. first half

    上半时,前半场

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I'm on first watch.

    我值第一班。

    《牛津词典》

  2. She won on her first go.

    她第一次尝试就赢了。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. What was your first degree in?

    你的学士学位是哪一科?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

first 最初,首先

-st后缀显示其词源是形容词或副词最高级形式。其词源可追溯至原始印欧语*pro(从前,前面),*pro的日耳曼语“子孙”for(前),进入英语后派生出了forth,from,fro,for,fore和before等;*pro的其它“子孙”进入英语后形成了-prim-(首要)和-proto-(第一,原始)。日耳曼语for(前)最高级形式的“子孙”除了现代英语first、瑞典语först和丹麦语først(首要的),还有德语fürst(王子)和荷兰语vorst(王子)。

【同源词】:for,fore,former,foremost,forth,from,fro,before

first 第一的

来自PIE*pre-isto,*pre,向前,穿过,词源同far,forth. *isto,最高级后缀。

first (adj., adv.)

Old English fyrst "foremost, going before all others; chief, principal," also (though rarely) as an adverb, "at first, originally," superlative of fore; from Proto-Germanic *furista- "foremost" (source also of Old Saxon fuirst "first," Old High German furist, Old Norse fyrstr, Danish første, Old Frisian ferist, Middle Dutch vorste "prince," Dutch vorst "first," German Fürst "prince"), from PIE *pre-isto-, superlative of *pre-, from root *per- (1) "forward," hence "in front of, before, first, chief."

The usual Old English superlative word was not fyrst, but forma, which shows more clearly the connection to fore. Forma became Middle English firme "first, earliest," but this has not survived.

First aid is that given at the scene, pending the arrival of a doctor. First lady as an informal title for the wife of a U.S. president was in use by 1908, short for First lady of the land (by 1863 with reference to the president's wife); the earlier title was simply Lady (1841). First name is attested from mid-13c. First base "a start" in any sense (1938) is a figurative use from baseball.

First fruits is from late 14c. as "earliest productions of the soil;" 1590s as "first results" of any activity or endeavor. First love is from 1741 as "one's first experience of romantic love;" 1971 as "one's favorite occupation or pastime." First floor is from 1660s as "story built on or just above the ground" (now U.S.); 1865 as "story built next above the ground."

first (n.)

1560s, "that which is first," from first (adj.). Meaning "first day of the month" is by 1590s. In music, "instrument or voice that takes the highest or chief part of its class," 1774. From 1909 as the name of the lowest gear in an engine. In British schools colloquial use, "highest rank in an examination," 1850.

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