外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

get

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ɡɛt] [ɡɛt]

vt.得到;抓住;说服;受到(惩罚等)

vt.& vi.到达,来

vi.成为;开始;设法对付;获得利益或财富

n.生殖,幼兽;赢利

常用短语

  1. get up

    起床,筹备,打扮

  2. get rid

    摆脱,排除,处理掉

  3. get off

    v. 动身,免于受罚,从…下来,脱下(衣服等)

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I must get some kip.

    我得睡会儿觉。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Did you get told off?

    你挨骂了没有?

    《牛津词典》

  3. Shall I get the keys?

    我拿钥匙可以吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 这些动词均含"获得,取得,得到"之意
  • acquire 强调通过不断的、持续的努力而获得某物,也指日积月累地渐渐地获得。书面语用词。

    obtain 较正式用词,着重通过巨大努力、要求而得到所需或盼望已久的东西。

    gain 侧重指经过努力或有意识行动而取得某种成就或获得某种利益或好处。

    get 普通用词,使用广泛,可指以任何方式得到某物,也不一定要经过努力。

    win 主要指通过努力、斗争、比赛等而获得胜利。

    earn 侧重指依靠自己的劳动或因付出代价与有功而获得。

    secure 强调要通过努力或竞争,或需要付出代价才能获得所渴望的东西。

  • 以下词都有“变成,成为”的意思,区别是:
  • become 最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。

    get 常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。

    grow 常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。

    turn 侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。

    go 作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。

    come 侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。

  • 以下词都有“带,拿,取”的意思,区别是:
  • bring 指从某处把人或物带到或拿到说话者所在的地点,强调方向,不着重方式。

    carry 指把物品从一个地方带到另一个地方,不涉及方向,只强调方式。

    take 指从说话人或说话人心目中所在处把某人或某物带离开,带到离说话者有一定距离的地方,与bring的方向正相反,侧重方向,不着重方式。

    fetch 指一往一返,相当于go and bring,去取了东西或带人再返回到出发处。

    get 口语用词,与fetch基本同义,语气随便。

    convey 指通过中间人传递信息,或以某种方式把人或物送到目的地。

    transport 指使用车辆或机械设备把人或货物从一处运载到另一处。

  • 以下词都有“使,使得”的意思,区别是:
  • make 普通用词,指强迫或劝诱他人做某事。

    cause 正式用词,侧重指使某事发生的原因。

    get 侧重指劝某人做某事,或指使某事物处于某种状态或产生某种结果。

    have 普通用词,指让某人做某事。

    render 书面用词,多指因外界因素而使某人或某物处于某种状态。

    词根: -get- 得到
  1. forget [fərˈget] vt. 忘记,忘却;忽略,疏忽;遗落;忘掉 vi. 忘记;忽视

    forget: for-否定 + -get-得到 → 想不起来 → 忘记,忘却

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

get 获得,变成,收获

借用于古斯堪的纳维亚语geta,经由史前日耳曼语getan而追溯至古印欧语ghed-(抓住)。

get 得到

来自PIE*ghend,得到,抓住。词源同forget,guess.

get (v.)

c. 1200, from Old Norse geta (past tense gatum, past participle getenn) "to obtain, reach; to be able to; to beget; to learn; to be pleased with," a word of very broad meaning, often used almost as an auxilliary verb, also frequently in phrases (such as geta rett "to guess right"). This is from Proto-Germanic *getan (source also of Old Swedish gissa "to guess," literally "to try to get"), from PIE root *ghend- "to seize, take."

Old English, as well as Dutch and Frisian, had the verb almost exclusively in compounds (such as begietan, "to beget;" forgietan "to forget"). Vestiges of an Old English cognate *gietan remain obliquely in modern past participle gotten and original past tense gat, also Biblical begat.

In compound phrases with have and had it is grammatically redundant, but often usefully indicates possession, obligation, or necessity, or gives emphasis. The word and phrases built on it take up 29 columns in the OED 2nd edition; Century Dictionary lists seven distinct senses for to get up.

"I GOT on Horseback within ten Minutes after I received your Letter. When I GOT to Canterbury I GOT a Chaise for Town. But I GOT wet through before I GOT to Canterbury, and I HAVE GOT such a Cold as I shall not be able to GET rid of in a Hurry. I GOT to the Treasury about Noon, but first of all I GOT shaved and drest. I soon GOT into the Secret of GETTING a Memorial before the Board, but I could not GET an Answer then, however I GOT Intelligence from the Messenger that I should most likely GET one the next Morning. As soon as I GOT back to my Inn, I GOT my Supper, and GOT to Bed, it was not long before I GOT to Sleep. When I GOT up in the Morning, I GOT my Breakfast, and then GOT myself drest, that I might GET out in Time to GET an Answer to my Memorial. As soon as I GOT it, I GOT into the Chaise, and GOT to Canterbury by three: and about Tea Time, I GOT Home. I HAVE GOT No thing particular for you, and so Adieu." [Philip Withers, "Aristarchus, or the Principles of Composition," London, 1789, illustrating the widespread use of the verb in Modern English]

As a command to "go, be off" by 1864, American English. Meaning "to seize mentally, grasp" is from 1892. Get wind of "become acquainted with" is from 1840, from earlier to get wind "to get out, become known" (1722). To get drunk is from 1660s; to get religion is from 1772; to get better "recover health" is from 1776. To get ready "prepare oneself" is from 1890; to get going "begin, start doing something" is by 1869 in American English; get busy "go into action, begin operation" is from 1904. Get lost as a command to go away is by 1947. To get ahead "make progress" is from 1807. To get to (someone) "vex, fret, obsess" is by 1961, American English (get alone as "to puzzle, trouble, annoy" is by 1867, American English). To get out of hand originally (1765) meant "to advance beyond the need for guidance;" sense of "to break free, run wild" is from 1892, from horsemanship. To get on (someone's) nerves is attested by 1970.

get (n.)

early 14c., "offspring, child," from get (v.) or beget. Meaning "what is got, booty" is from late 14c.

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