外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

give

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ɡɪv] [ɡɪv]

vt.& vi.给予;赠送;作出

vt.供给;产生;举办;(为购买某物或做某事而)支付

vi.(物体)塌下;让步

n.伸展性,弹性

常用短语

  1. give up

    放弃,交出

  2. give in

    v. 屈服,让步,交上

  3. give out

    分发,发出,公布,发表,用尽,精疲力竭

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Give me a chance.

    给我一个机会。

  2. Give me some others.

    给我一些其他的吧。

  3. I'll give you a ring.

    我会给你打电话的。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

  • vt. 给;带来
  • take

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“给予,赠给”的意思,区别是:
  • give 最普通用词,泛指将自己的东西给予他人,所给予的东西,物质或非物质的均可。

    accord 侧重所给予的是应得的或是恰当的,或是因某种原因而适于接受的。

    award 通常暗示所给予的东西是接受者应得的,而且给予者往往是具有裁判权力的。

    confer 通常指授予称号或学位等。

    grant 多指出于慷慨、怜悯或正义感而给予,并且通常是在被请求下给予。

    endow 指捐赠大量的钱作基金,也可指给予非物质的东西。

    present 指正式地给予或授予,通常伴有仪式进行。

    bestow 正式用词,指把某物作为礼物赠送于某人,也可作引申用。

    词根: -giv-
  1. give [ɡɪv] vt.& vi. 给予;赠送;作出 vt. 供给;产生;举办;(为购买某物或做某事而)支付 vi. (物体)塌下;让步 n. 伸展性,弹性

    give: -giv-给 + -e 动词后缀 → 给予,赠送

  2. forgive [fərˈgɪv] vt.& vi. 原谅; 饶恕; 对不起;请原谅 vt. 免除

    forgive: for-完全 + -giv-给 + -e 动词后缀 → 完全给予 → 引申义原谅, 饶恕

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

give 给,提供,授予;交给,托付;献出,传授;举办,举行

来源于史前日耳曼语geban,在日耳曼语族中有很多“后裔”:除了英语give,还有德语geben、荷兰语geven、瑞典语giva、丹麦语give和哥特语giban,意义相同或相近。

give 给

来自PIE*ghabh,拥有,给,词源同gift.

give (v.)

Old English giefan (West Saxon) "to give, bestow, deliver to another; allot, grant; commit, devote, entrust," class V strong verb (past tense geaf, past participle giefen), from Proto-Germanic *geban (source also of Old Frisian jeva, Middle Dutch gheven, Dutch geven, Old High German geban, German geben, Gothic giban), from PIE root *ghabh- "to give or receive." It became yiven in Middle English, but changed to guttural "g" by influence of Old Norse gefa "to give," Old Danish givæ.

Meaning "to yield to pressure" is from 1570s. Give in "yield" is from 1610s; give out is mid-14c. as "publish, announce;" meaning "run out, break down" is from 1520s. Give up "surrender, resign, quit" is mid-12c. To give (someone) a cold seems to reflect the old belief that one could be cured of disease by deliberately infecting others. What gives? "what is happening?" is attested from 1940. To not give a (some thing regarded as trivial and valueless) is from c. 1300 (early examples were a straw, a grass, a mite).

give (n.)

"capacity for yielding to pressure," 1868, from give (v.). The Middle English noun yeve, meant "that which is given or offered; a contribution of money," often as tribute, or in expectation of something in return.

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