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go

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[goʊ] [goʊ]

vi.走;离开;去做;进行

vt.变得;发出…声音;成为;处于…状态

n.轮到的顺序;精力;干劲;尝试

常用短语

  1. go by

    经过,顺便走访,凭…判断

  2. go on

    继续,过去,继续下去,发生

  3. go up

    增长,上升,被兴建起来

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I wanna go.

    我想走。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Off you go!

    你走吧!

    《牛津词典》

  3. He's gotta go.

    他得走了。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“前进,行进,进展”的意思,区别是:
  • advance 主要用于具体的人或物,也可指科学技术和运动等。

    progress 指按某一既定目标前进,取得发展,目的性很明确,强调经常和稳定地前进。

    proceed 侧重指继续前进。

    move on 非正式用语,侧重从某一停止点向某地前进,但不表示前进的目的地。

    go 最常用词,含义宽泛而不确切,依上文确定其具体意思。

  • 以下词都有“变成,成为”的意思,区别是:
  • become 最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。

    get 常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。

    grow 常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。

    turn 侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。

    go 作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。

    come 侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。

  • 以下词都有“离开某处”的意思,区别是:
  • depart 较正式用词,指经过周密考虑或郑重地离开,强调离开的起点。

    leave 侧重出发地而不是目的地。

    go 一般用词,指从所在地到其它地方去,着重目的地而非出发地。

    start 可与leave换用,强调目的地,但不及leave普通。

    quit 侧重指离开令人烦恼的地方,或摆脱使人不快的人或事。

    set out 书面用词。

    词根: -go-
  1. go [goʊ] vi. 走;离开;去做;进行 vt. 变得;发出…声音;成为;处于…状态 n. 轮到的顺序;精力;干劲;尝试

    go: -go-走

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

go 去,离去,走

go来源于原始印欧语ghei-或ghe-。go的过去式went,与-vent-(来;风)同源。

go 走

来自PIE*ghe,释放,走。

go (v.)

Old English gan "to advance, walk; depart, go away; happen, take place; conquer; observe, practice, exercise," from West Germanic *gaian (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian gan, Middle Dutch gaen, Dutch gaan, Old High German gan, German gehen), from PIE root *ghē- "to release, let go; be released" (source also of Sanskrit jihite "goes away," Greek kikhano "I reach, meet with"), but there does not seem to be general agreement on a list of cognates.

A defective verb throughout its recorded history; the Old English past tense was eode, a word of uncertain origin but evidently once a different verb (perhaps connected to Gothic iddja); it was replaced 1400s by went, past tense of wenden "to direct one's way" (see wend). In northern England and Scotland, however, eode tended to be replaced by gaed, a construction based on go. In modern English, only be and go take their past tenses from entirely different verbs.

The word in its various forms and combinations takes up 45 columns of close print in the OED. Meaning "cease to exist" is from c. 1200; that of "to appear" (with reference to dress, appearance, etc.) is from late 14c.; that of "to be sold" is from early 15c. Meaning "to be known" (with by) is from 1590s; that of "pass into another condition or state" is from 1580s. From c. 1600 as "to wager," hence also "to stand treat," and to go (someone) better in wagering (1864). Meaning "say" emerged 1960s in teen slang. Colloquial meaning "urinate or defecate" attested by 1926, euphemistic (compare Old English gong "a privy," literally "a going").

To go back on "prove faithless to" is from 1859; to go under in the figurative sense "to fail" is from 1849. To go places "be successful" is by 1934.

go (n.)

1727, "action of going," from use of go (v.) to start a race, etc. Meaning "an incident, an occurrence, affair, piece of business" is from 1796. Meaning "power of going, dash, vigor" is from 1825, colloquial, originally of horses. The sense of "an attempt, a try or turn at doing something" (as in give it a go, have a go at) is from 1825 (earlier it meant "a delivery of the ball in skittles," 1773). Meaning "something that goes, a success" is from 1876. Phrase on the go "in constant motion" is from 1843. Phrase from the word go "from the beginning" is by 1834. The go "what is in fashion" is from 1793. No go "of no use" is from 1825.

go (adj.)

"in order," 1951, originally in aerospace jargon, from go (v.).

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