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good

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ɡʊd] [ɡʊd]

adj.好的;优秀的;有益的;漂亮的,健全的

n.好处,利益;善良;善行;好人

adv.同well

常用短语

  1. do good

    对……有好处,有用处

  2. no good

    很糟,没有用

  3. good at

    善于

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He's a good jumper.

    他的弹跳力特别好。

    《牛津词典》

  2. I'm good at French.

    我的法语很好。

    《牛津词典》

  3. It was really good.

    这非常好。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • good 形容词,

    well 副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.

    词根: -good-
  1. good [ɡʊd] adj. 好的;优秀的;有益的;漂亮的,健全的 n. 好处,利益;善良;善行;好人 adv. 同well

    good: -good-好

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

good 良好的,令人满意的,正当的,适宜的,令人愉快的;有用的,合适的,有益的;好的;新鲜的;有效的;漂亮的,有吸引力的

来源于史前日耳曼语gath-(使相合,统一),其语义变化轨迹为“相合,统一”→“合适,适宜”→“满意”→“好的”。 在古英语中为god,荷兰语为goed,德语为gut。

同源词:gather,together

good 好的

来自PIE*ghedh,连接,匹配,词源同gather. 与god没有词源关系。

good (adj.)

Old English gōd (with a long "o") "excellent, fine; valuable; desirable, favorable, beneficial; full, entire, complete;" of abstractions, actions, etc., "beneficial, effective; righteous, pious;" of persons or souls, "righteous, pious, virtuous;" probably originally "having the right or desirable quality," from Proto-Germanic *gōda- "fitting, suitable" (source also of Old Frisian god, Old Saxon gōd, Old Norse goðr, Middle Dutch goed, Dutch goed, Old High German guot, German gut, Gothic goþs). A word of uncertain etymology, perhaps originally "fit, adequate, belonging together," from PIE root *ghedh- "to unite, be associated, suitable" (source also of Sanskrit gadh- "seize (booty)," Old Church Slavonic godu "favorable time," Russian godnyi "fit, suitable," Lithuanian goda "honor," Old English gædrian "to gather, to take up together").

Irregular comparative and superlative (better, best) reflect a widespread pattern in words for "good," as in Latin bonus, melior, optimus.

Sense of "kind, benevolent" is from late Old English in reference to persons or God, from mid-14c. of actions. Middle English sense of "holy" is preserved in Good Friday. That of "friendly, gracious" is from c. 1200. Meaning "fortunate, prosperous, favorable" was in late Old English. As an expression of satisfaction, from early 15c. Of persons, "skilled (at a profession or occupation), expert," in late Old English, now typically with at; in Middle English with of or to. Of children, "well-behaved," by 1690s. Of money, "not debased, standard as to value," from late 14c. From c. 1200 of numbers or quantities, "large, great," of time or distance, "long;" good while "a considerable time" is from c. 1300; good way "a great distance" is mid-15c.

Why then, can one desire too much of a good thing. ["As You Like It"]

As good as "practically, virtually" is from mid-14c.; to be good for "beneficial to" is from late 14c. To make good "repay (costs, expenses), atone for (a sin or an offense)" is from late 14c. To have a good mind "have an earnest desire" (to do something) is from c. 1500. Good deed, good works were in Old English as "an act of piety;" good deed specifically as "act of service to others" was reinforced early 20c. by Boy Scouting. Good turn is from c. 1400. Good sport, of persons, is from 1906. The good book "the Bible" attested from 1801, originally in missionary literature describing the language of conversion efforts in American Indian tribes. Good to go is attested from 1989.

good (n.)

Old English god (with a long "o"), "that which is good, a good thing; goodness; advantage, benefit; gift; virtue; property;" from good (adj.). Meaning "the good side" (of something) is from 1660s. Phrase for good "finally, permanently" attested from 1711, a shortening of for good and all (16c.). Middle English had for good ne ylle (early 15c.) "for good nor ill," thus "under any circumstance."

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