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great

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ɡret] [ɡret]

adj.伟大的,杰出的;优异的,显著的;很多的;重大的;极好的

adv.[口语]很好地;令人满意地,成功地,顺利地;得意地

n.大人物们;伟大人物;重要人物,大师;名家

常用短语

  1. great day

    n. 世界末日

  2. great leap

    大跃进,大步前进

  3. great time

    美好时光

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He's a great bloke.

    他是个大好人。

    《牛津词典》

  2. We are great friends.

    我们是最要好的朋友。

    《牛津词典》

  3. We became great buddies.

    我们成了很好的哥们。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“大的”的意思,区别是:
  • big 常用词,使用广泛,较口语化。多指体积、重量或容量等方面的"大",有时也用于描写抽象之物。

    large 普通用词,含义广,指体积、面积、容量、数量以及程度等方面的大,具体或抽象意义均可用。

    great 普通用词,可指具体东西的"大",但更常指事物的重要,人的行为、品格的伟大等,带一定的感情色彩。

    grand 侧重指盛大、绝大,有气派。

    词根: -great-
  1. great [ɡret] adj. 伟大的,杰出的;优异的,显著的;很多的;重大的;极好的 adv. [口语]很好地;令人满意地,成功地,顺利地;得意地 n. 大人物们;伟大人物;重要人物,大师;名家

    great: -great-大 → 原义为刮下来粗糙的,大块的 → 后词义褒义化,伟大

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

great 大的,伟大的

来自PIE*ghreu,刮,磨,词源同gravel,grit. 原义为刮下来粗糙的,大块的,词义褒义化。

great (adj.)

Old English great "big, tall, thick, stout, massive; coarse," from West Germanic *grauta- "coarse, thick" (source also of Old Saxon grot, Old Frisian grat, Dutch groot, German groß "great"). If the original sense was "coarse," it is perhaps from PIE root *ghreu- "to rub, grind," via the notion of "coarse grain," then "coarse," then "great;" but "the connextion is not free from difficulty" [OED].

It took over much of the sense of Middle English mickle, and itself now is largely superseded by big and large except in reference to non-material things. In the sense of "excellent, wonderful" great is attested from 1848.

Great White Way "Broadway in New York City" is from 1901, in reference to brilliant street illumination. The Great Lakes of North America so called by 1726, perhaps 1690s. Great Spirit "high deity of the North American Indians," 1703, originally translates Ojibwa kitchi manitou. The Great War originally (1887) referred to the Napoleonic Wars, later (1914) to what we now call World War I (see world).

"The Great War" — as, until the fall of France, the British continued to call the First World War in order to avoid admitting to themselves that they were now again engaged in a war of the same magnitude. [Arnold Toynbee, "Experiences," 1969]

Also formerly with a verb form, Old English greatian "to become enlarged," Middle English greaten "to become larger, increase, grow; become visibly pregnant," which became archaic after 17c.

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