外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

hand

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[hænd] [hænd]

n.手;协助,帮助;(工具等的)把,柄;掌管

vt.传递,交给;搀扶;支持

常用短语

  1. hand on

    转交,传递下去

  2. by hand

    adv. 用手

  3. on hand

    在手边,在场,即将发生

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. His hand met hers.

    他的手碰到她的手。

    《牛津词典》

  2. I took him by the hand.

    我拉着他的手。

    《牛津词典》

  3. He took my hand in his.

    他握住我的手。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

    词根: -hand-
  1. hand [hænd] n. 手;协助,帮助;(工具等的)把,柄;掌管 vt. 传递,交给;搀扶;支持

    hand: -hand-手 → 把,柄 → 动词传递

  2. handle [ˈhændl] v. (用手)触摸;以手(或前臂)触球;操纵(车辆);(车辆)按特定方式作出反应;处理;对付(某人或某事);有办法应付;经营;接受(或经营)赃物;泰然承受;(车辆容易或难以)驾驶;运送(货物) n. (门的)把手;柄;(织物等的)手感;(非正式)(人或地方的)称呼;(非正式)赌注总额

    handle: -hand-手 + -le 工具格后缀 → 把手,手柄 → 引申义操纵,处理

  3. panhandle [ˈpænˌhændl] n. 锅柄,狭长的土地 v. 行乞,讨钱

    panhandle: pan 平底锅 + handle 手柄 → 锅的手柄 → 握着锅的手柄行乞 → 引申词义行乞,讨钱

  4. handsome [ˈhænsəm] adj. 英俊的,健美的;美观的;大方的;数量大的

    handsome: -hand-手 + -some 形容词后缀 → 手边的,方便的 → 引申大方的,数量大的 → 后用于形容男子潇洒的,英俊的

  5. handcuff [ˈhændˌkʌf] n. 手铐;思想上的桎梏 vt. 给…戴上手铐;限制

    handcuff: hand 手 + cuff 手铐 → 引申词义思想上的桎梏

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

banana 香蕉

多数辞书认为,意为“香蕉”的banana 一词源于某一非洲语言,西班牙语和葡萄牙话首先使用,而后被吸收到英语中来。但有的辞书,如The Facts on File Enyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins却认为,它出自意为“手指”的阿拉伯语单词banana,而一串香蕉(a hand of bananas)也确实有点像一排张开的手指。

多数辞书认为,意为“香蕉”的banana 一词源于某一非洲语言,西班牙语和葡萄牙话首先使用,而后被吸收到英语中来。但有的辞书,如The Facts on File Enyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins却认为,它出自意为“手指”的阿拉伯语单词banana,而一串香蕉(a hand of bananas)也确实有点像一排张开的手指。

bare 赤裸的

【词源解释】:来自古英语bær(裸露的)

bare和naked的区别:bare表示局部的裸露,naked表示全裸。因此bare可以用于bare-footed(赤脚的)、bare-headed(光头的)、bare-handed(赤手空拳的)、bare-necked(露出脖子的)。

【衍生词】:barely(仅仅、勉强)

beforehand 事先,预先

词根词缀:before前 + hand手

candy (糖果):古印度人制造的块状蔗糖

在古代欧洲,人们利用蜂蜜来制造糖果。最先是在罗马周围的地区出现了糖衣杏仁这种糖果。制造者用蜂蜜将一个杏仁裹起来,放在太阳底下晒干,就可以得到糖衣杏仁。而在亚洲,人们通过蔗糖来制造糖果。甘蔗(sugarcane)原本是南亚和东南亚地区独有的农作物。人们将甘蔗榨出的汁液中提炼蔗糖(sugar)。印度人很早就掌握了从利用甘蔗制造蔗糖的工艺。波斯人从印度学会了种植甘蔗、制造蔗糖的技术,并流传至阿拉伯,再通过阿拉伯人传播至欧洲。英语单词candy一词就反映了这种技术的传播途径。它的源头是印度的梵语khanda,意思是“块状蔗糖”,是蔗糖制成品之一,即我们中国人常说的“冰糖”。从该词演变出波斯语qand、阿拉伯语qandi、法语candi和英语单词candy。在英国英语中,candy仍然指用冰糖制成的糖果,而在美国英语中,candy可以表示任何糖果。

另外,sugar(蔗糖)一词来源自印度的梵语sharkara,经波斯语、阿拉伯语和拉丁语后传入英语的。

candy 粮果

不久前人们还在使用sugar candy的说法。不管是candy还是sugar candy,指的都是“硬块粮”。Candy起源于梵语的khanda,意思是“一块东西”或“糖块儿”。

chandelier 垂吊灯,枝形吊灯

结构分析:chandelier = chandel(蜡烛)+ier(名词后缀,表物品)→摆放蜡烛的物品→枝形大烛台、枝形吊灯

词源解释:chandel←拉丁语candela(蜡烛)←拉丁语candere(发光)

相关词根:cand(发光、白)

commercial 商业的

com-,强调。-merc,经商,商业,词源同market,merchandise.

curfew 宵禁,戒严

cur和cover(覆盖)同源,你可以把它看做cover的简化,类似地,handkerchief(手帕)中的ker也表“覆盖”;few和法语feu(火)同源,和英语fuel(燃料)同源。该词字面义“盖灭火焰”,中世纪欧洲有规定:夜间某个时刻晚钟敲响后须灭灯就寝,是为宵禁。

doubting Thomas 怀疑一切的人;多疑的人

出自《圣经 》故事。Thomas乃耶稣十二门徒之一。据《新约.约翰福音》 第20章第25节,在耶稣复活后,其他门徒看见了对他讲,可他不相信。他说,“Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails,and thrust my hand into his side,I will not believe."(除非我看见他手上的钉痕,用手探入他的肋旁,否则我是不会相信的)。8天之后,耶稣出现在Thomas面前,Thomas触摸到他的伤口,这才相信耶稣真的已经复活了。后来人们就用doubting Thomas(怀疑的托马斯)一语喻指“怀疑主义者”或“怀疑一切的人”。

emancipate (解放):把手从奴隶身上挪开表示释放奴隶的仪式

按照古代罗马法律,罗马人在买卖奴隶时,要举行一定的仪式。奴隶买来后,新主人把手放到奴隶身上,表示对奴隶的拥有权,这一过程在拉丁语中被称为mancipum,由manus (hand,如单词manual)+ capere(take,如单词capable)构成。主人释放奴隶时,则把手从奴隶身上挪开,表示放弃对奴隶的拥有权,这一过程在拉丁语中被称为emancipare。除了表示释放奴隶外,还可以表示罗马家庭中的一家之主放弃对子女、妻子的父权和夫权,给予他们自由。这是因为古罗马是父系社会,妻子、子女和奴隶一样都属于男人的私有财产。英语单词emancipate就来自拉丁语emancipare。

hand (n.)

Old English hond, hand "the human hand;" also "side, part, direction" (in defining position, to either right or left); also "power, control, possession" (on the notion of the hand's grip or hold), from Proto-Germanic *handuz (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Dutch, German hand, Old Norse hönd, Gothic handus), which is of uncertain origin.

The original Old English plural handa was superseded in Middle English by handen, later hands. Indo-European "hand" words tend to be from roots meaning "seize, take, collect" or are extended from words originally meaning only a part of the hand (such as Irish lam, Welsh llaw, cognate with Latin palma and originally meaning "palm of the hand"). One ancient root (*man- (2)), represented by Latin manus is the source of Old English mund "hand," but more usually meaning "protection, guardianship; a protector, guardian."

Meaning "manual worker, person who does something with his hands" is from 1580s, hence "hired workman" (1630s) and "sailor in a ship's crew" (1660s). Meaning "agency, part in doing something" is from 1590s. Clock and watch sense is from 1570s. Meaning "round of applause" is from 1838. The linear measure of 4 inches (originally 3) is from 1560s, now used only in giving the height of horses. The meaning "playing cards held in one player's hand" is from 1620s; that of "a round at a card game" is from 1620s. Meaning "handwriting" is from late 14c.; also "one's style of penmanship" (early 15c.). The word in reference to the various uses of hands in making a pledge is by c. 1200; specifically "one's pledge of marriage" by late 14c.

First hand, second hand, etc. (mid-15c.) are from the notion of something being passed from hand to hand. At hand is from c. 1200 as "near in time," c. 1300 as "within reach." Out of hand (1590s) is opposite of in hand "under control" (c. 1200). Adverbial phrase hand-over-fist (1803) is nautical, suggestive of hauling or climbing by passing the hands one before the other alternately.

Phrase on the one hand ... on the other hand is recorded from 1630s, a figurative use of the physical sense of hand in reference to position on one side or the other side of the body (as in the lefthand side), which goes back to Old English Hands up! as a command from a policeman, robber, etc., is from 1863, from the image of holding up one's hands as a token of submission or non-resistance. Hand-to-hand "in close contact," of fighting, is from c. 1400. Hand-to-mouth "said of a person who spends his money as fast as he gets it, who earns just enough to live on from day to day" [Bartlett] is from c. 1500. Hand-in-hand attested from c. 1500 as "with hands clasped;" figurative sense of "concurrently" recorded from 1570s.

hand (v.)

c. 1400, "take charge of, seize," from hand (n.). Earlier verbs were hend (Old English genehdan), handle. Meaning "to pass (something to someone)" is from 1640s. To hand it to (someone) "acknowledge someone's ability or superiority" is slang from 1906, the it perhaps meant to suggest a trophy cup, award, etc. Related: Handed; handing.

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