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have

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[hæv , həv] [hæv , həv]

aux.用以构成完成式及完成式的不定式,表示已经…

vt.有,具有;拿,取得;从事;必须,不得不

n.〈口〉有产者,有钱人;富国;〈英俚〉欺骗,诈骗

常用短语

  1. have at

    攻击,打击

  2. have on

    穿着,戴着,有事在手头上,使上钩

  3. have up

    把某人请来作客,起诉

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. We have nae money.

    我们没有钱。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Have you eaten yet?

    你吃饭了吗?

    《牛津词典》

  3. Let's have a dance.

    咱们跳个舞吧。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“吃”的意思,区别是:
  • eat 普通用词,使用广泛。既可用于人,也可用于动物。

    dine 正式用词,既可指一日三餐中的任何一餐,也可以指特殊的用餐。

    have 可与eat换用,但强调一次性的动作。

    consume 侧重痛痛快快地吃得一干二净,可用于人和动物。

    devour 指狼吞虎咽地吃,强调吃得既快又彻底。

    gorge 侧重指拼命地吃或塞,强调吃饱或吃得过量。

    swallow 主要指吃的整个过程的第二部分"咽",并常指咀嚼得匆匆忙忙地吃。

  • 以下词都有“有,具有,持有”的意思,区别是:
  • have 最常用词,可指任何情况下的具有,无论是物质的或精神的。

    hold 指拥有并保持财产及持有见解等,暗示不让别人拿走或占有。

    own不及本组的possess正式,多指所属关系,强调所有权,不管所属物是否在物主手中。

    possess 较正式,指拥有或占有并能加以控制与支配,强调其归属;也指具有某种品质、才能、特点或性能等。

    keep 指长时间地保有,保存某物,防止别人占去,强调安全和感情上的依附。

    enjoy 指享有某种权利或长处,带有欣赏或喜爱的情感。

  • 以下词都有“使,使得”的意思,区别是:
  • make 普通用词,指强迫或劝诱他人做某事。

    cause 正式用词,侧重指使某事发生的原因。

    get 侧重指劝某人做某事,或指使某事物处于某种状态或产生某种结果。

    have 普通用词,指让某人做某事。

    render 书面用词,多指因外界因素而使某人或某物处于某种状态。

    词根: -have-
  1. behave [bɪˈhev] vi. 表现;举止端正;自然反应 vt. 使守规矩

    behave: be-强调 + -have-有 → 具有的行为 → 表现,举止

单词家谱

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have 已经,曾经

来源于史前日耳曼语khaben,与现代英语heave、拉丁语capere(拿取)共源于原始印欧语kap-。have与拉丁语habere(拥有)并没有词源上的关系。

-cap-拿取 → have

同源词:heave

have 有,拥有

来自古英语habban,拥有,占有,来自Proto-Germanic*haben,来自PIE*kap,抓住,词源同capable,heavy.

have (v.)

Old English habban "to own, possess; be subject to, experience," from Proto-Germanic *habejanan (source also of Old Norse hafa, Old Saxon hebbjan, Old Frisian habba, German haben, Gothic haban "to have"), from PIE root *kap- "to grasp." Not related to Latin habere, despite similarity in form and sense; the Latin cognate is capere "seize.

Sense of "possess, have at one's disposal" (I have a book) is a shift from older languages, where the thing possessed was made the subject and the possessor took the dative case (as in Latin est mihi liber "I have a book," literally "there is to me a book"). Used as an auxiliary in Old English, too (especially to form present perfect tense); the word has taken on more functions over time; Modern English he had better would have been Old English him (dative) wære betere.

To have to for "must" (1570s) is from sense of "possess as a duty or thing to be done" (Old English). Phrase have a nice day as a salutation after a commercial transaction attested by 1970, American English. Phrase have (noun), will (verb) is from 1954, originally from comedian Bob Hope, in the form Have tux, will travel; Hope described this as typical of vaudevillians' ads in Variety, indicating a willingness and readiness to perform anywhere.

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