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he

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[hi , hiː] [hi , hiː]

pron.他,它;一个人

n.雄性动物

场景例句

  1. He winked at me.

    他向我使个眼色。

  2. He was lying — or was he?

    他在说谎,还是没有说谎?

    《牛津词典》

  3. How he wished he had been there!

    他多么希望当时自己也在场!

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

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he 他,雄性

来自古英语he,来自PIE*ki,指示代词,这里,此处,词源同here,it,hither.后用于阳性第三人称代词,引申词义雄性。

he (pron.)

Old English he, pronoun of the third person (see paradigm of Old English third person pronoun below), from Proto-Germanic *hi- (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch he, hi, Dutch hy, Old High German he), from PIE *ki-, variant of root *ko-, the "this, here" (as opposed to "that, there") root, and thus the source of the third person pronouns in Old English. The feminine, hio, was replaced in early Middle English by forms from other stems (see she), while the h- wore off Old English neuter hit to make modern it. The Proto-Germanic root also is the source of the first element in German heute "today," literally "the day" (compare Old English heodæg).

The paradigm in Old English was: MASCULINE SINGULAR: he (nominative), hine (accusative), his (genitive), him (dative); FEMININE SINGULAR: heo, hio (nom.), hie, hi (acc.), hire (gen. and dat.); NEUTER SINGULAR: hit (nom. and acc.), his (gen.), him (dat.); PLURAL: (all genders) hie, hi (nom. and acc.), hira, heora (gen.), him, heom (dat.).

Pleonastic use with the noun ("Mistah Kurtz, he dead") is attested from late Old English. With animal words, meaning "male" (he-goat, etc.) from c. 1300.

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