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hear

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[hɪr] [hɪr]

vt.听到,听;听说;审理

vi.听;听见

常用短语

  1. hear of

    听说,听说过

  2. hear out

    听完

  3. hear from

    收到…的信,受…的批评

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Did you hear him go out?

    你听到他出去了吗?

    《牛津词典》

  2. I could hear a dog barking.

    我听到犬吠声。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Didn't you hear what I said?

    难道你没有听到我的话?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“听”的意思,区别是:
  • hear 及物动词,指声音进入耳内,但不含有注意的意味,即,只要听觉正常,声音进入耳内,就能听见。但在祈使句中,hear可指有意识的行为。

    listen 不及物动词,指有意识地倾听,强调行为的过程。

    overhear 指偶然听到,无意中听到,也指偷听。

    词根: -hear- 听到,审理
  1. hear [hɪr] vt. 听到,听;听说;审理 vi. 听;听见

    hear: -hear-听到,审理

  2. rehear [ˌriˈhɪr] vt. 复审,再审

    rehear: re-再次 + -hear-审理

  3. hark [hɑ:k] vi. <文>听;回想;重提

    hark: -hear-听 + -k 表强调 → 倾听

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

hear 听到,听见

来自PIE*kous,听,倾听,来自*ak-ous,*ak,尖的,敏税,词源同acid,acumen,*ous,听,感知,词源同ear,auricle,audit.

hear (v.)

Old English heran (Anglian), (ge)hieran, hyran (West Saxon) "to hear, perceive by the ear, listen (to), obey, follow; accede to, grant; judge," from Proto-Germanic *hausejanan (source also of Old Norse heyra, Old Frisian hera, hora, Dutch horen, German hören, Gothic hausjan "to hear"), from PIE root *kous- "to hear" (source also of Greek koein "to mark, perceive, hear;" see acoustic). The shift from *-s- to -r- is a regular feature in some Germanic languages. For the vowels, see head (n.).

Spelling distinction between hear and here developed 1200-1550. Meaning "be told, learn by report" is from early 14c. Old English also had the excellent adjective hiersum "ready to hear, obedient," literally "hear-some" with suffix from handsome, etc. Hear, hear! (1680s) originally was imperative, an exclamation to call attention to a speaker's words ("hear him!"); now a general cheer of approval. To not hear of "have nothing to do with" is from 1754.

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