外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

help

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[ help] [ help]

vt.& vi.帮助;有助于, 有利于

vt.治疗;避免;招待(客人);给…盛(饭、菜)

n.帮助;助手;补救办法;有用

vi.(在餐桌旁)招待,侍应,作仆人(或店员、服务员等)

int.[呼救语]救命!

常用短语

  1. help on

    鼓励,促进

  2. need help

    需要帮助

  3. ask for help

    寻求帮助,求助,请求帮助

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. You never help me.

    你从不帮我。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Do you need any help?

    你需要帮助吗?

    《牛津词典》

  3. I'm here to help you.

    我是来帮助你的。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“帮助”的意思,区别是:
  • aid 正式用词,指帮助他人脱离危险或战胜困难,着重强者对急需帮助的弱者的帮助。

    assist 强调在提供帮助时,以受助者为主,所给的帮助起第二位或从属的作用。

    help 最普通用词,含义广泛。指一般性的或迫切需要的帮助,侧重积极地为他人提供物质、精神或其他方面的帮助。

  • 以下词都有“帮助,支持”的意思,区别是:
  • help 最普通用词,可以与aid和assistance换用。help强调使受助者达到目的或侧重受助者对帮助的需要。

    aid比help正式,侧重受助者处于困难或危险境地急需救助。

    assistance 正式用词,通常指帮助完成不太重要的那一部分工作。

    support 强调在迫切需要时给予支持或鼓励。

    词根: -help- 帮助
  1. help [ help] vt.& vi. 帮助;有助于, 有利于 vt. 治疗;避免;招待(客人);给…盛(饭、菜) n. 帮助;助手;补救办法;有用 vi. (在餐桌旁)招待,侍应,作仆人(或店员、服务员等) int. [呼救语]救命!

    help: -help-帮助

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

help 帮助

来自古英语helpan,帮助,支持,来自PIE*kelp,支持,抓,握,词源同helm,helve.

help (v.)

Old English helpan "to help, support, succor; benefit, do good to; cure, amend" (transitive, class III strong verb; past tense healp, past participle holpen), from Proto-Germanic *helpanan (source also of Old Norse hjalpa, Old Frisian helpa, Middle Dutch and Dutch helpen, Old High German helfan, German helfen), a word of uncertain origin. Perhaps it is cognate with Lithuanian šelpiu, šelpti "to support, help."

The intransitive sense of "afford aid or assistance," is attested from early 13c. The word is recorded as a cry of distress from late 14c. The sense of "serve someone with food at table" (1680s) is translated from French servir "to help, stead, avail," and led to helping (n.) "portion of food."

Help yourself as an invitation, in reference to food, etc., is from 1894. Related: Helped (c. 1300). The Middle English past participle holpen survives in biblical and U.S. dialectal use.

help (n.)

Old English help (m.), helpe (f.) "assistance, succor," from Proto-Germanic *helpo (source also of Old Norse hjalp, Swedish hjälp, Old Frisian helpe, Dutch hulp, Old High German helfa, German Hilfe), from the source of help (v.).

The use of help as euphemism for "servant" is American English, 1640s (originally in New England). Bartlett (1848) describes it as "The common name in New England for servants, and for the operatives in a cotton or woollen factory." Most early 19c. English writers travelling in America seem to have taken a turn at explaining this to the home folks.  

A domestic servant of American birth, and without negro blood in his or her veins ... is not a servant, but a 'help.' 'Help wanted,' is the common heading of advertisements in the North, when servants are required. [Chas. Mackay, "Life and Liberty in America," 1859].

But help also meant "assistant, helper, supporter" in Middle English (c. 1200).

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