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high

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[haɪ] [haɪ]

adj.高的;高尚的,崇高的;高音调的;高级的,高等的

adv.(程度等)高地;高价地;奢侈地

n.高处,高位;[气象学]高气压;高压地带;高水平

常用短语

  1. on high

    在高处,在天空

  2. high level

    高层,高电平

  3. high grade

    高品位,高级的

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The rooms had high ceilings.

    那些房间的天花板很高。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Their prestige went sky high.

    他们的声誉大噪。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. This ore assays high in gold.

    这种矿石被验明含金量高。

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

  • adj. 高的;高尚的
  • low

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“高的”的意思,区别是:
  • high 普通用词,指本身高出地面之上,与low相对,不用于人。也可指程度、地位、声音等的高,还可作引申用。

    tall 仅指人或物的高度,指物的"高"时,可与high换用。

    lofty 书面用词,指外观宏伟壮丽的高耸物;用于指思想或目的时,表示崇高。贬义指 态高傲。

    词根: -high-
  1. high [haɪ] adj. 高的;高尚的,崇高的;高音调的;高级的,高等的 adv. (程度等)高地;高价地;奢侈地 n. 高处,高位;[气象学]高气压;高压地带;高水平

    high: -high-高 → 高的,高尚的

单词家谱

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high 高的

来自古英语heah,高的,高耸的,来自Proto-Germanic*hauhaz,高的,来自PIE*keuk,*keu,弯,转,词源同cubicle,cubit.由弯,转引申词义起伏的,高的。词义演变比较hump,vertex.

high 高的,高级的,高尚的

来源于日耳曼语

【同源词】:height

high (adj.)

Old English heh (Anglian), heah (West Saxon) "of great height, tall, conspicuously elevated; lofty, exalted, high-class," from Proto-Germanic *hauha- (source also of Old Saxon hoh, Old Norse har, Danish høi, Swedish hög, Old Frisian hach, Dutch hoog, Old High German hoh, German hoch, Gothic hauhs "high;" also German Hügel "hill," Old Norse haugr "mound"). The group is of uncertain origin; perhaps related to Lithuanian kaukara "hill," from PIE *kouko-. Spelling with -gh represents a final guttural sound in the original word, lost since 14c.

Of sound pitch, late 14c. Of roads, "most frequented or important," c. 1200 (high road in the figurative sense is from 1793). Meaning "euphoric or exhilarated from alcohol" is first attested 1620s, of drugs, 1932. Sense of "proud, haughty, arrogant, supercilious" (c. 1200) is reflected in high-handed and high horse. Of an evil or a punishment, "grave, serious, severe" (as in high treason), c. 1200 (Old English had heahsynn "deadly sin, crime").

High school "school for advanced studies" attested from late 15c. in Scotland; by 1824 in U.S. High time "fully time, the fullness of time," is from late 14c. High noon (when the sun is at the meridian) is from early 14c.; the sense is "full, total, complete." High finance (1884) is that concerned with large sums. High tea (1831) is one at which hot meats are served. High-water mark is what is left by a flood or highest tide (1550s); figurative use by 1814.

High and mighty is c. 1200 (heh i mahhte) "exalted and powerful," formerly a compliment to princes, etc. High and dry of beached things (especially ships) is from 1783.

high (n.1)

early 14c., "high point, top," from high (adj.). As "area of high barometric pressure," from 1878. As "highest recorded temperature" from 1926. Meaning "state of euphoria" is from 1953.

high (n.2)

"thought, understanding," Old English hyge, cognate with Old Saxon hugi, Old High German hugi, Old Norse hygr, Swedish hög, Danish hu. Obsolete from 13c. in English and also lost in Modern German, but formerly an important Germanic word.

high (adv.)

Old English heah; see high (adj.).

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