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hold

初中高中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[hoʊld] [hoʊld]

vt.拿住,握住;保留,保存;扣留,拘押;容纳;举行

vi.拿住,握住;同意,赞成;保持不变;有效

n.握住;保留;控制

常用短语

  1. hold in

    抑制,约束

  2. on hold

    暂停,尚未办理的事情,等候接听,把持住的(指有问题的)

  3. hold for

    保温时间是…,适用

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. This jar will hold a kilo.

    这个罐子能盛一千克。

    《牛津词典》

  2. She seized hold of my hand.

    她抓住我的手。

    《牛津词典》

  3. I don't hold any grudges now.

    我现在没有任何怨恨。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • vt. 抓住;托住;握着
  • drop

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“包括,包含”的意思,区别是:
  • contain 普通用词,所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容。强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西,也可指抽象无形的东西。

    include 普通用词,指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某东西包含另一东西的某一部分。

    embrace 正式用词,指把某事物纳入整个之中。

    involve 把包含因整体的性质决定的成分或结果。所包括的往往是无形的,不可触知的东西,多用作引申。

    comprehend 正工用词,指包含在整体范围以内。

    hold 常和contain换用。指能够容纳或有足够的容纳量。强调包容能力。

    comprise 书面用词,暗指一个整体包括不同部分所组成,可与include交换使用。

  • 以下词都有“有,具有,持有”的意思,区别是:
  • have 最常用词,可指任何情况下的具有,无论是物质的或精神的。

    hold 指拥有并保持财产及持有见解等,暗示不让别人拿走或占有。

    own不及本组的possess正式,多指所属关系,强调所有权,不管所属物是否在物主手中。

    possess 较正式,指拥有或占有并能加以控制与支配,强调其归属;也指具有某种品质、才能、特点或性能等。

    keep 指长时间地保有,保存某物,防止别人占去,强调安全和感情上的依附。

    enjoy 指享有某种权利或长处,带有欣赏或喜爱的情感。

    词根: -hold- 拿,看
  1. hold [hoʊld] vt. 拿住,握住;保留,保存;扣留,拘押;容纳;举行 vi. 拿住,握住;同意,赞成;保持不变;有效 n. 握住;保留;控制

    hold: -hold-拿 → 拿住,握住,保持

  2. uphold [ʌpˈhoʊld] vt. 支持;维持;赞成;支撑

    uphold: up-向上 + -hold-拿 → 向上拿 → 支撑,支持,赞成

  3. withhold [wɪðˈhoʊld] vt. 扣留;拒绝给予;抑制(某事物);制止,阻挡 vi. 忍住,克制

    withhold: with-向后 + -hold-拿 → 向后拿 → 引申词义扣留,克制,拒绝,不给

  4. behold [bɪˈhoʊld] vt. 看到,注视;领悟 vi. 瞧;用在祈使句中以引起人注意 int. 瞧,看呀

    behold: be-强调 + -hold-看(古义) → 长久的看 → 注视

单词家谱

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hold 

来源于日耳曼语,hold作“拿着、支撑”时和作“船舱”时的词源是不同的;前者的英语同源词有behold和halt,后者的同源词有hole。

同源词:behold,halt,hole词组/短语:get hold of 抓住,掌握

hold 持,握住

来自古英语haldan,控制,抓,握,来自Proto-Germanic*haldan,保持,照看,看护,来自PIE*kel,驱动,推动,词源同accelerate,celerity.其原义看护参照behold,beholden.

hold (v.)

Middle English holden, earlier halden, from Old English haldan (Anglian), healdan (West Saxon), "to contain; to grasp; to retain (liquid, etc.); to observe, fulfill (a custom, etc.); to have as one's own; to have in mind (of opinions, etc.); to possess, control, rule; to detain, lock up; to foster, cherish, keep watch over; to continue in existence or action; to keep back from action," class VII strong verb (past tense heold, past participle healden), from Proto-Germanic *haldanan (source also of Old Saxon haldan, Old Frisian halda, Old Norse halda, Dutch houden, German halten "to hold," Gothic haldan "to tend").

Based on the Gothic sense (also present as a secondary sense in Old English), the verb is presumed originally in Germanic to have meant "to keep, tend, watch over" (as grazing cattle), later "to have." Ancestral sense is preserved in behold. The original past participle holden was replaced by held beginning 16c., but survives in some legal jargon and in beholden.

The modern use in the sense "lock up, keep in custody" is from 1903. Hold back in the figurative senses is from 1530s (transitive); 1570s (intransitive). To hold off is early 15c. (transitive), c. 1600 (intransitive). Hold on is early 13c. as "to maintain one's course," 1830 as "to keep one's grip on something," 1846 as an order to wait or stop.

To hold (one's) tongue "be silent" is from c. 1300. To hold (one's) own is from early 14c. To hold (someone's) hand in the figurative sense of "give moral support" is from 1935. To hold (one's) horses "be patient" is from 1842, American English; the notion is of keeping a tight grip on the reins. To have and to hold have been paired alliteratively at least since c. 1200, originally of marriage but also of real estate. To hold water in the figurative sense "be sound or consistent throughout" is from 1620s.

hold (n.1)

c. 1100, "act of holding;" c. 1200, "grasp, grip," from Old English geheald (Anglian gehald) "keeping, custody, guard; watch, protector, guardian," from hold (v.). Meaning "place of refuge" is from c. 1200; that of "fortified place" is from c. 1300; that of "place of imprisonment" is from late 14c. Wrestling sense is from 1713. Telephoning sense is from 1961 (on hold), from expression hold the line, warning that one is away from the receiver (1912). Meaning "a delay, a pause" is from 1961 in the U.S. space program. No holds barred "with all restrictions removed" is from 1892, originally in wrestling.

hold (n.2)

"space in a ship below the lower deck, in which cargo is stowed," 15c. corruption of Middle English holl "hull of a ship, hold of a ship" (c.1400), which is probably from earlier Middle English nouns meaning either "hole, hollow place, compartment" (see hole (n.)) and "husk, pod, shell," (see hull (n.1)). With form altered in the direction of hold (probably by popular apprehension that it is named because it "holds" the cargo) and sense influenced by Middle Dutch hol "hold of a ship."

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