外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

in

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[ɪn] [ɪn]

prep.采用(某种方式);穿着,带着;(表示位置)在…里面,(表示领域,范围)在…以内;(表示品质、能力等)在…之中

adv.在家;进入,到达;流行;当选

adj.在内的,朝内的;在位的,执政的;[口语]流行的,时髦的;(车等)到站的

n.执政党,掌权者;知情者;<美口>入口,门路;<体>(板球或棒球)攻球的一方

常用短语

  1. in on

    参与,参加

  2. in between

    在中间

  3. in a nod to

    作为感谢、致敬或表示尊重

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He should be in my house now.

    他现在可能在我的家里。

  2. They lived in rooms in Kensington.

    他们住在肯辛顿的出租房间。

    《牛津词典》

  3. He arrived in London in November 1939.

    他于1939年11月到达伦敦。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • prep. 之内
  • out

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“在……”的意思,区别是:
  • at 表地点时,指空间位置上的某一点;表时间时,指在时间上的某一时刻。

    in 表地点时,指在某一立体空间范围内;表时间时,指一段时间或与年、月、季节时间连用。

    on 表地点时,指某物与另一物表面相接触,或与某地方接壤等;表时间时,指在某一天或某一天的某个时间,尤指在星期几。

  • 以下词都有“罐头”的意思,区别是:
  • can 为美国英语,现在英国也用。

    in 为英国英语。

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

in 在里,在内,在中

来自古英语in,里面,上面,中间,进入,来自PIE*en,进入。词义上面已由on替代。

in 在…里;在…期间,在…以后;以…方式,在…方面

来源于古印欧语en或n,希腊语为en,拉丁语为in。

in (adv., prep.)

a Middle English merger of Old English in (prep.) "in, into, upon, on, at, among; about, during;" and Old English inne (adv.) "within, inside," from Proto-Germanic *in (source also of Old Frisian, Dutch, German, Gothic in, Old Norse i), from PIE root *en "in." The simpler form took on both senses in Middle English.

Sense distinction between in and on is from later Middle English, and nuances in use of in and at still distinguish British and American English (in school/at school). Sometimes in Middle English shortened to i.

The noun sense of "influence, access (to power or authorities)," as in have an in with, is first recorded 1929 in American English. to be in for it "certain to meet with something unpleasant" is from 1690s. To be in with "on friendly terms with" is from 1670s. Ins and outs "intricacies, complications of an action or course" is from 1660s. In-and-out (n.) "copulation" is attested from 1610s.

in (adj.)

"that is within, internal," 1590s, from in (adv.). Sense of "holding power" (the in party) first recorded c. 1600; that of "exclusive" (the in-crowd, an in-joke) is from 1907 (in-group); that of "stylish, fashionable" (the in thing) is from 1960.

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