外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

just

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[dʒʌst] [dʒʌst]

adv.刚才;仅仅,只是;正好;刚要

adj.公正的,合理的;恰当的;合法的;正确的

常用短语

  1. just as

    正象

  2. just so

    正是如此

  3. just yet

    恰好现在

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I'm just kidding.

    我只是在开玩笑。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. I just joined a gym.

    我刚加入了健身俱乐部。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Can't you just stop?

    你就不能停一停吗?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • adj. 正义的;公平的
  • unjust

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“公正的,公平的,不偏不倚的”的意思,区别是:
  • impartial 侧重对任何人或任何一方没有成见或偏袒。

    just 多用于庄重场合,指不受个人利益得失或感情倾向的影响,侧重按照公认的准则或标准处理问题。

    fair 普通常用词,指不偏不倚地对待人和物,侧重不受个人感情、偏见或利益所影响。

    neutral 强调持中立态度,不偏袒任何一方,甚至不作最后的裁决。

    objective 着重客观、真实,不为个人偏见、兴趣、感情或看法所左右。

    词根: -just- 判断,发誓,法律,公正
  1. justice [ˈdʒʌstɪs] n. 正义;公正;法律制裁;审判员,法官

    justice: -just-法律,公正 + -ice 名词后缀 → 正义,法律制裁 → 引申词义审判员,法官

  2. just [dʒʌst] adv. 刚才;仅仅,只是;正好;刚要 adj. 公正的,合理的;恰当的;合法的;正确的

    just: -just-法律,公正 → 引申词义准确的,精确的,最终引申副词词义仅仅,刚好,刚刚等

  3. justify [ˈdʒʌstəˌfaɪ] vt. 证明…有理;为…辩护;对…作出解释 vi. 整理版面;证明合法

    justify: just 合法的 + -i-中缀 + -fy 动词后缀 → 证明合法,证明有理,辩护等

  4. adjust [əˈdʒʌst] vt. 调整,使…适合;校准 vi. 调整,校准;适应

    adjust: ad-去 + just 正好 → 使正好 → 调整,校准

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

just (公正的):罗马神话中的正义女神朱斯提提亚

在古希腊神话里,主持正义和秩序的女神是忒弥斯(Themis),是天神乌拉诺斯和大地女神盖亚所生,十二泰坦神之一,宙斯的第二任妻子。在古罗马神话中,正义女神的名字叫做“朱斯提提亚”(Justitia)。正义女神朱斯提提亚的塑像经常出现在法院中。她的形象通常是身披白袍,双眼蒙布,左手提一秤,右手举一剑。白袍象征道德无瑕,刚直不阿;蒙眼代表理性判断,不受感官和人情影响;秤象征公平;剑表示严厉制裁。造像的背面往往刻有古罗马的法谚:“为实现正义,哪怕天崩地裂。”

从朱斯提提亚的名字Justitia中产生了词根just、jur(法律、正义)、just(公正的)等诸多与法律相关的词汇。

just 合法的,公平的,公正的

来自拉丁语iustus,公正的,正直的,来自ius,法律,权利,正义,来自古拉丁语ious,神圣的语言,来自PIE*yewes,法规,法则,词源同judge,jury.该词原为古代宗教仪式术语,宗教仪式有着固定的程序和规则,以及繁琐的礼节并向天,地,神起誓的固定用语,因此,引申出法律,发誓这两个主要词义。

just 正好,恰好;仅仅,只是;刚才;简直

来源于拉丁语中由名词jus,jur.is,n(法律,公正)派生的形容词just.us,just.a,just.um(公平的,正义的)。

-just-法律,公正 → just

just 刚刚,恰好,正要

来自just,公正的,正义的,引申词义准确的,精确的,最终引申副词词义仅仅,刚好,刚刚等。词义演变比较even,fair,very.

just (adj.)

late 14c., "morally upright, righteous  in the eyes of God" ("Now chiefly as a Biblical archaism" - OED); also "equitable, fair, impartial in one's dealings;" also "fitting, proper, conforming to standards or rules;" also "justifiable, reasonable;" from Old French juste "just, righteous; sincere" (12c.) and directly from Latin iustus "upright, righteous, equitable; in accordance with law, lawful; true, proper; perfect, complete" (source also of Spanish and Portuguese justo, Italian giusto), from ius "a right," especially "legal right, law" (see jurist; from Latin ius also come English jury (n.), injury, etc.).

From c. 1400 as "right-minded, good in intention;" from early 15c. as "legal, lawful, right in law." Also "exact, precise; marked or characterized by precision; having correct dimensions" (late 14c.); of narrations, calculations, etc., "accurate, correct" (early 15c.). The sense in music, "harmonically pure, correct, and exact" is by 1850.

The more mundane Latin law-word lex covered specific laws as opposed to the body of laws. The noun meaning "righteous person or persons; Christ" is from late 14c. (The neuter adjective in Latin was used as a noun, iustum, "what is right or just").

just (adv.)

c. 1400, "precisely, exactly;" late 15c., "fittingly, snugly;" c. 1500, "immediately;" from just (adj.) and paralleling the adverbial use of French juste (also compare Dutch juist, German just, from the adjectives).

The original sense of "exactly" in space, time, kind, or degree; "precisely, without interval, deviation, or variation" is preserved in just so"exactly that, in that very way" (1751), just as I thought, etc. But the sense decayed, as it often does in general words for exactness (compare anon, soon), from "exactly, precisely, punctually" to "within a little; with very little but a sufficient difference; nearly; almost exactly;" then by 1660s to "merely, barely, by or within a narrow margin (as in just missed). Hence just now as "a short time ago" (1680s). Also "very lately, within a brief period of time" (18c.). It is also used intensively, "quite" (by 1855).

Just-so story is attested 1902 in Kipling, from just so "exactly that, in that very way."

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