外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

keep

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[kip] [kip]

vt.保持;保留;遵守;阻止

vi.(食品)保持新;保持健康

n.保持,保养;供养,抚养;生活,生计;饲料;牧草

常用短语

  1. keep in

    隐瞒,隐藏,抑制,继续燃烧

  2. keep up

    保持,继续,不低落,不落后

  3. keep on

    继续,穿着…不脱

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I keep all her letters.

    我把她所有的信都保留着。

    《牛津词典》

  2. We said we would keep them.

    我们说过要保存它们的。

    《牛津词典》

  3. Slow down — I can't keep up!

    慢点—我跟不上了!

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“有,具有,持有”的意思,区别是:
  • have 最常用词,可指任何情况下的具有,无论是物质的或精神的。

    hold 指拥有并保持财产及持有见解等,暗示不让别人拿走或占有。

    own不及本组的possess正式,多指所属关系,强调所有权,不管所属物是否在物主手中。

    possess 较正式,指拥有或占有并能加以控制与支配,强调其归属;也指具有某种品质、才能、特点或性能等。

    keep 指长时间地保有,保存某物,防止别人占去,强调安全和感情上的依附。

    enjoy 指享有某种权利或长处,带有欣赏或喜爱的情感。

  • 以下词都有“保持,保存”的意思,区别是:
  • keep 最常用词,指长时间牢固地保持或保存。

    retain 指继续保持。

    reserve 正式用词,指为了将来的用途或其他用途而保存、保留。

    preserve 主要指为防止损害、变质等而保存。

    conserve 一般指保存自然资源,保全人的精力、力量等。

    withhold 指扣住不放,暗示有阻碍。

    词根: -keep- 保持
  1. keep [kip] vt. 保持;保留;遵守;阻止 vi. (食品)保持新;保持健康 n. 保持,保养;供养,抚养;生活,生计;饲料;牧草

    keep: -keep-保持

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

keep 保持,持有

来自古英语cepan,抓住,握住,保持,观察,来自Proto-Germanic*kopijan,看,注视,来自PIE*gab,照看,看管。比较hold,behold.

keep (v.)

Middle English kēpen, from late Old English cepan (past tense cepte) "to seize, hold; seek after, desire," also "to observe or carry out in practice; look out for, regard, pay attention to," from Proto-Germanic *kopjan, which is of uncertain origin. Old English cepan was used c. 1000 to render Latin observare, so perhaps it is related to Old English capian "to look" (from Proto-Germanic *kap-), which would make the basic sense "to keep an eye on, see to it."

The word prob. belonged primarily to the vulgar and non-literary stratum of the language; but it comes up suddenly into literary use c. 1000, and that in many senses, indicating considerable previous development. [OED]

The senses exploded in Middle English: "to guard, defend" (12c.); "restrain (someone) from doing something" (early 13c.); "take care of, look after; protect or preserve (someone or something) from harm, damage, etc." (mid-13c.); "preserve, maintain, carry on" a shop, store, etc. (mid-14c.); "prevent from entering or leaving, force to remain or stay" (late 14c.); "preserve (something) without loss or change," also "not divulge" a secret, private information, etc., also "to last without spoiling" (late 14c.); "continue on" (a course, road, etc.), "adhere to" a course of action (late 14c.); "stay or remain" (early 15c.); "to continue" (doing something) (mid-15c.). It is used to translate both Latin conservare "preserve, keep safe" and tenere "to keep, retain."

From 1540s as "maintain for ready use;" 1706 as "have habitually in stock for sale." Meaning "financially support and privately control" (usually in reference to mistresses) is from 1540s; meaning "maintain in proper order" (of books, accounts) is from 1550s.

To keep at "work persistently" is from 1825; to keep on "continue, persist" is from 1580s. To keep up is from 1630s as "continue alongside, proceed in pace with," 1660s as "maintain in good order or condition, retain, preserve," 1680s as "support, hold in an existing state." To keep it up "continue (something) vigorously" is from 1752. To keep to "restrict (oneself) to" is from 1711. To keep off (trans.) "hinder from approach or attack" is from 1540s; to keep out (trans.) "prevent from entering" is from early 15c.

keep (n.)

mid-13c., "care or heed in watching," from keep (v.). Meaning "innermost stronghold or central tower of a castle" is from 1580s; OED says this is perhaps a translation of Italian tenazza, the notion being "that which keeps" (someone or something). The sense of "food required to keep a person or animal" is attested from 1801 (to earn (one's) keep is from 1885). For keeps "completely, for good" is American English colloquial, from 1861, probably from the notion of keeping one's winnings in games such as marbles.

小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信