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last

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[læst] [læst]

n.末尾;最后;上个;鞋楦(做鞋的模型)

vt.经受住;到…之后;够用;足够维持(尤指某段时间)

adj.最近的;最后的;最不可能的;惟一剩下的

vi.持续

adv.上一次,最近一次;最后

常用短语

  1. at last

    最后,终于

  2. last in

    殿后者

  3. last for

    持续,延续,历时…

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I testified last.

    我最后作了证。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. When were you there last?

    你最近一次在那里是什么时候?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. He came last in the race.

    这次赛跑他得了最后一名。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“最终的,最后的”的意思,区别是:
  • final 指到达终点,多含果断、明确或最后终结的强烈意味。

    last 指一系列事物的最后一个,可表示次序、顺序或时间。

    ultimate 较正式用词,强调已到了极限。

  • 以下词都有“持续”的意思,区别是:
  • persist 强调超过了指定的或正常的时间。

    last 着重存在的时间相当长,超过正常的或所期望的时间。

    endure与last同义,但还指经受住,有能耐忍受而并不受损。

    continue 多指过程,强调持续而无终止,常含不间断之意。

    词根: -last- 最后,坚持
  1. last [læst] n. 末尾;最后;上个;鞋楦(做鞋的模型) vt. 经受住;到…之后;够用;足够维持(尤指某段时间) adj. 最近的;最后的;最不可能的;惟一剩下的 vi. 持续 adv. 上一次,最近一次;最后

    last: -last-最后,坚持

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

last 坚持,持续,鞋楦

来自PIE*leis,踩踏,小径,犁沟,词源同learn,lore.引申词义坚持,持续,同时用于指鞋楦。

last 最后的

缩写自latest,最后的,late的原最高级拼写形式。

last (adj.)

c. 1200, "latest, final, following all others," a contraction of Old English latost (adj.) "slowest, latest," superlative of læt (see late); in some uses from late (adv.). Cognate with Old Frisian lest, Dutch laatst, Old High German laggost, German letzt.

Meaning "last in space, furthest, most remote" is from late 14c.; meaning "most unlikely or unsuitable" is from mid-15c. Meaning "most recent, next before the present" (as in last night, last September) is from late 14c.; latest would be more correct, but idiom rules and the last time I saw her might mean the most recent time this hour or the final time forever.

The biblical last days ("belonging to the end") is attested from late 14c. Last hurrah is from the title of Edwin O'Connor's 1956 novel. Last word "final, definitive statement" is from 1650s. A dying person's last words so called by 1740. As an adjective, last-minute attested from 1913. Last-chance (adj.) is from 1962. Expression if it's the last thing I do, expressing strong determination, is attested by 1905.

last (v.)

"endure, go on existing," from Old English læstan "to continue, endure," earlier "follow (a leader), accomplish, carry out, perform," from Proto-Germanic *laistjan "to follow a track" (source also of Gothic laistjan "to follow after," Old Frisian lasta "to fulfill, to pay (duties)," German leisten "to perform, achieve, afford"), from PIE root *lois- "furrow, track." It is related to last (n.1), but not to last (adj.). Related: Lasted; lasting.

last (n.1)

"wooden model of a human foot used by shoemakers," from Old English læste "shoemaker's last," earlier last "track, footprint, footstep, trace," from Proto-Germanic *laisti- (source also of Old Norse leistr "the foot," Middle Dutch, Dutch leest "form, model, last," Old High German leist "track, footprint," German Leisten "last," Gothic laistjan "to follow"), related to Old English læran "to teach," from PIE root *lois- "furrow, track."

last (n.2)

late Old English, "the last or final man, object, time, etc.," from last (adj.). From late 14c. as "most recent person, latest comer." Also in Middle English as a noun, "duration" (early 14c.), from the verb. Phrase at (the) last is from c. 1200; extended form long last is from 1520s. To the last is from c. 1400.

last (adv.)

c. 1200, "most recently;" early 13c., "finally, after all others" (contrasted to first), contraction of Old English lætest (adv.), superlative of late (see late).

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