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leave

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[li:v] [li:v]

vt.离开;遗弃;忘了带;交托

vt.& vi.离去;出发;舍弃;留下

n.准假;假期;辞别;许可

常用短语

  1. leave on

    留住

  2. annual leave

    年度假

  3. leave behind

    留下,遗留,超过

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I was preparing to leave.

    我正准备离开。

    《牛津词典》

  2. When do you leave for work?

    你什么时候去上班?

    《牛津词典》

  3. We had to ask him to leave.

    我们不得不让他离开。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 这些动词或词组均含"抛弃,放弃"之意
  • abandon 强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。

    desert 着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。

    forsake 侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。

    leave 普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。

    give up 普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。

  • 以下词都有“让,允许”的意思,区别是:
  • allow 普通用词,侧重听任、默许或不加阻止。在正式场合可用来表客气的请求。

    let 常用词,用于各种非正式场合,语气最弱,指允许或无力阻止某事,暗示漠不关心或听之任之。

    permit 正式用词,在多数场合可与allow换用,语义最强,指准许某人做某事,含权威或正式的意味。

    leave 侧重不加干涉。

    authorize 语气最强,指权威性的允许与认可。

  • 以下词都有“离开某处”的意思,区别是:
  • depart 较正式用词,指经过周密考虑或郑重地离开,强调离开的起点。

    leave 侧重出发地而不是目的地。

    go 一般用词,指从所在地到其它地方去,着重目的地而非出发地。

    start 可与leave换用,强调目的地,但不及leave普通。

    quit 侧重指离开令人烦恼的地方,或摆脱使人不快的人或事。

    set out 书面用词。

  • 以下词都有“假日,节日”的意思,区别是:
  • holiday 指按规定不工作的各种假日,时间可长可短。在英国复数形式表示较长的假期。

    festival 指公众庆祝、欢度的节日。

    vacation 通常指时间较长的假期,如学校的寒暑假等。

    leave 主要指政府机关工作人员或军队人员获准的休假、假期。

    词根: -leav- 留下,离开
  1. leave [li:v] vt. 离开;遗弃;忘了带;交托 vt.& vi. 离去;出发;舍弃;留下 n. 准假;假期;辞别;许可

    leave: -leav-留下,离开 + -e 动词或名词后缀

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

leave 许可,同意,请假,休假

作为名词和动词的词源是不同的。作名词时来源于史前日耳曼语lauba(来自根义"高兴,批准",英语believe和love也来自此根义),其根义"高兴,批准"先演变为"善待,信任",再演变到现代的"许可,休假"。作动词时来源于古印欧语"黏的东西,黏性"的语义,例如梵语lipta-(黏的)和希腊语lipos(油脂),是英语lipid(脂类)的词源;"黏的东西"会使事物"呆在一个地方不动,保持",因此在史前日耳曼语出现了laibjan(保持,残留),进入英语后,"保持,残留"的语义逐步演变为"保持,残留的原因",其相反的意义"离开"出现于13世纪,来自于"残留是人离开后留下的"的语义,而不是来自于"残留"的语义本身。同源词还有德语bleiben(仍然保持"保持,残留"的语义)以及英语eclipse(日食,月食),eleven(十一)和twelve(十二)。

【同源词】:believe,loveeclipse,eleven,lipid,twelve词组/短语:leave behind(vt.)留下,丢弃

leave 丢下,遗赠,离开

来自PIE*leip,粘附,停留,油脂,词源同lipid,live,relinquish.其原义为留下,留在后面,保持,后来词义戏剧性的指离开,可能是受leave(请假,辞别)的影响。

leave 许可,准假,辞别

来自PIE*leubh,关心,爱,许可,词源同love,believe.引申词义许可,批准,准假。

leave (v.)

Old English læfan "to allow to remain in the same state or condition; to let remain, allow to survive; to have left (of a deceased person, in reference to heirs, etc.); to bequeath (a heritage)," from Proto-Germanic *laibjanan (source also of Old Frisian leva "to leave," Old Saxon farlebid "left over"), causative of *liban "remain" (source of Old English belifan, German bleiben, Gothic bileiban "to remain"), from PIE root *leip- "to stick, adhere."

The Germanic root seems to have had only the sense "remain, continue" (which was in Old English as well but has since become obsolete), which also is in Greek lipares "persevering, importunate." But this usually is regarded as a development from the primary PIE sense of "adhere, be sticky" (compare Lithuanian lipti, Old Church Slavonic lipet "to adhere," Greek lipos "grease," Sanskrit rip-/lip- "to smear, adhere to."

Originally a strong verb (past participle lifen), it early switched to a weak form. Meaning "go away, take one's departure, depart from; leave behind" (c. 1200) comes from notion of "leave behind" (as in to leave the earth "to die;" to leave the field "retreat"). From c. 1200 as "to stop, cease; give up, relinquish, abstain from having to do with; discontinue, come to an end;" also "to omit, neglect; to abandon, forsake, desert; divorce;" also "allow (someone) to go."

Colloquial use for "let, allow" is by 1840, said by OED to be chiefly American English. Not related to leave (n.). To leave out "omit" is from late 15c. To leave (something) alone is from c. 1400; to leave (something) be is from 1825. To leave (something/nothing) to be desired is from 1780. To leave it at that is from 1902. Leave off is from c. 1400 as "cease, desist" (transitive); early 15c. as "stop, make an end" (intransitive).

leave (n.)

"permission, liberty granted to do something," Old English leafe "leave, permission, licence," dative and accusative of leaf "permission," from Proto-Germanic *laubo (source also of Old Norse leyfi "permission," and, with prefix, Old Saxon orlof, Old Frisian orlof, German Urlaub "leave of absence"), from PIE root *leubh- "to care, desire, love," the original idea being "approval resulting from pleasure." It is a noun relative of lief "dear" (adj.); and compare belief. In the military sense, it is attested from 1771.

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