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let

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[let] [lɛt]

允许,任由;让,随;假设;出租

常用短语

  1. let us

    让我们

  2. let in

    让…进来,嵌入

  3. let go

    放开,释放,发射

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Here, let me do it.

    喂,让我来吧。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Don't let the dogs bark.

    别让狗叫。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. Don't let her needle you.

    别让她数落你。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“让,允许”的意思,区别是:
  • allow 普通用词,侧重听任、默许或不加阻止。在正式场合可用来表客气的请求。

    let 常用词,用于各种非正式场合,语气最弱,指允许或无力阻止某事,暗示漠不关心或听之任之。

    permit 正式用词,在多数场合可与allow换用,语义最强,指准许某人做某事,含权威或正式的意味。

    leave 侧重不加干涉。

    authorize 语气最强,指权威性的允许与认可。

  • 以下词都有“租,租用”的意思,区别是:
  • hire 多指短期租用。在英国一般指租用车、船。

    lease 指按照租约租出或租用房屋、土地或其它不动产。

    rent 在英国指较长时间租出或租入房屋、商店或土地;而在美国指长时间或短时期租用各种资产以及日用东西。

    let 尤指出租房屋或地产等。

    charter 指承租大型运输工具,如飞机、轮船、大客车以及火车等。

单词家谱

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let 让,允许;听任;假设;出租,租给

来源于史前日耳曼语lat-,也是德语lassen和英语late的词源;隐含有“慢、厌倦的、太累不能再持续而让其走”的意义,进入古英语发展为“搁置在一旁、允许”。作“障碍”时,仅在短语without let or hindrance中出现。

同源词:late 辨异:rent,let rent具有“租出”和“租入”双重意义;let只有“租出”的意义,且仅指“出租房子”。词组/短语:let alone 不管,不干涉;更不用说let loose 放开,放松,释放

let 让,出租

来自PIE*le,松开,松手,容许,词源同late,lenient,lassitude.

let (v.)

Old English lætan (Northumbrian leta) "to allow; to leave behind, depart from; leave undone; bequeath," also "to rent, put to rent or hire" (class VII strong verb; past tense let, leort, past participle gelæten), from Proto-Germanic *letan (source also of Old Saxon latan, Old Frisian leta, Dutch laten, Old High German lazan, German lassen, Gothic letan "to leave, let"), from PIE *led-, extended form of root *‌‌lē- "to let go, slacken." If that derivation is correct, the etymological sense would be "let go through weariness, neglect."

"The shortening of the root vowel ... has not been satisfactorily explained" [OED]. Of blood, from late Old English. Other Old and Middle English senses include "regard as, consider; behave toward; allow to escape; pretend;" to let (someone) know and to let fly (arrows, etc.) preserve the otherwise obsolete sense of "to cause to." To let (someone) off "allow to go unpunished, excuse from service" is from 1814. To let on is from 1725 as "allow (something) to be known, betray one's knowledge of," 1822 as "pretend" (OED finds a similar use in the phrase never let it on him in a letter from 1637). To let out is late 12c. as "allow to depart" (transitive); intransitive use "be concluded," of schools, meetings, etc., is from 1888, considered by Century Dictionary (1895) to be "Rural, U.S." Of garments, etc., late 14c.

Let alone "abstain from interfering with" is in Old English; the phrase in the sense "not to mention, to say nothing of" is from 1812. To let (something) be "leave it alone" is from c. 1300; let it be "let it pass, leave it alone" is from early 14c. To let go is from c. 1300 as "allow to escape," 1520s as "cease to restrain," 1530s as "dismiss from one's thoughts." Let it go "let it pass, no matter" is as old as Chaucer's Wife of Bath: "But age allas Hath me biraft my beautee Lat it go, far wel, the deuel go ther with!" [c. 1395]. Let me see "show me" is from c. 1300.

let (n.)

"stoppage, obstruction" (obsolete unless in legal contracts), late 12c., from archaic verb letten "to hinder," from Old English lettan "hinder, delay, impede," etymologically "make late," from Proto-Germanic *latjan (source also of Old Saxon lettian "to hinder," Old Norse letja "to hold back," Old High German lezzen "to stop, check," Gothic latjan "to hinder, make late"), related to *lata-, source of late (adj.), from PIE root *‌‌lē- "to let go, slacken."

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