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life

小学初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[laɪf] [laɪf]

n.生活,生计;生命,性命;一生,寿命;人生,尘世

常用短语

  1. in life

    一生中

  2. new life

    新生活,新生命

  3. for life

    终身,为了保命

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Life is unfair.

    人生没有公平。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Is there life on Mars?

    火星上有生命吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. My life seemed aimless.

    我的生活似乎没有目标。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

  • n. 生命;生存
  • death

同义词辨析

    词根: -lif- 生命
  1. life [laɪf] n. 生活,生计;生命,性命;一生,寿命;人生,尘世

    life: -lif-生命 + -e 名词后缀

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

life 生命

来自古英语life,存在,生命,来自PIE*leip,停留,持续,词源同live,leave.比较world.

life (n.)

Old English life (dative lif) "animated corporeal existence; lifetime, period between birth and death; the history of an individual from birth to death, written account of a person's life; way of life (good or bad); condition of being a living thing, opposite of death; spiritual existence imparted by God, through Christ, to the believer," from Proto-Germanic *leiban (source also of Old Norse lif "life, body," Old Frisian, Old Saxon lif "life, person, body," Dutch lijf "body," Old High German lib "life," German Leib "body"), properly "continuance, perseverance," from PIE root *leip- "to stick, adhere."

The noun associated with live (v.) "to live," which is literally "to continue, remain." Extended 1703 to inanimate objects, "term of duration or existence." Sense of "vitality, energy in action, expression, etc." is from 1580s. Meaning "conspicuously active part of human existence, pleasures or pursuits of the world or society" is by 1770s. Meaning "cause or source of living" led to the sense "vivifying or animating principle," and thus "one who keeps things lively" in life of the party (1787). Meaning "imprisonment for life, a life sentence" is from 1903. Paired alliteratively with limb from 1640s. Not on your life "by no means" is attested from 1896.

In gaming, an additional turn at play for a character; this transferred use was prefigured by uses in card-playing (1806), billiards (1856), etc., in reference to a certain number of chances or required objects without which one's turn at the game fails. The life "the living form or model, semblance" is from 1590s. Life-and-death "of dire importance" is from 1822; life-or-death (adj.) is from 1897. Life-jacket is from 1840; life-preserver from 1630s of anything that is meant to save a life, 1803 of devices worn to prevent drowning. Life-saver is from 1883, figurative use from 1909, as a brand of hard sugar candy from 1912, so called for shape.

Life-form is from 1861; life-cycle is from 1855; life-expectancy from 1847; life-history in biology from 1870; life-science from 1935. Life-work "the labor to which one's life has been devoted" is from 1848. Expression this is the life is from 1919; verbal shrug that's life is from 1924 (earlier such is life, 1778).

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