外博词典,懂英语单词快速记忆法的在线英语词典

live

小学初中高中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[lɪv] [lɪv]

v.居住;生存,活着;生活;留存,铭记;生长,栖息;以……为生;(船)未沉没;放置,搁置;享受精彩生活;经历,度过

adj.活的;实况转播的,现场表演的;通电的;仍可爆炸的;燃烧着的;含乳酸菌的;时下重大的;有效的;(机器中轮或轴)转动的;处于比赛状态的;生动的,精力充沛的

常用短语

  1. live at

    住在

  2. live on

    vi. 以...为食,靠...生活

  3. live by

    以…为生

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. This is where I live.

    这是我住的地方。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Do you live near here?

    你住在这附近吗?

    《牛津词典》

  3. Tell me where you live.

    告诉我你住哪儿?

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“活着的,活的”的意思,区别是:
  • alive 其反义词为dead,指生命从奄奄一息到精力旺盛的各种状态。

    live 通常作定语,指活生生的,生气勃勃的,还可表示现场直播的。

    living 其反义词为dead,指包括人和动植物的生命没有消失、仍然存在的状态。

  • 以下词都有“居住,定居”的意思,区别是:
  • dwell 文学上的用词,口语中通常用live代替。

    reside 书面用词,指合法的永久性居住,也指在豪华的住宅里居住。

    live 最普通用词,指固定的居住,可以是长期的,也可以是临时的。

    lodge 指短时间或临时住宿。

    inhabit 强调人或动物居住在某个地区并已适应某种特殊环境。

    settle 侧重指某人定居于城市、国家或地区,而不指居住的住所。

  • 以下词都有“存在”的意思,区别是:
  • exist 通常指可观察到的或众所周知的存在现象。

    be 指某时某地确存在的事物或现象,多与there连用。

    live 多指有生命的东西的存在。指无生命事物时,强调可联想起生命的那些特点。

    词根: -liv- 生命
  1. live [lɪv] v. 居住;生存,活着;生活;留存,铭记;生长,栖息;以……为生;(船)未沉没;放置,搁置;享受精彩生活;经历,度过 adj. 活的;实况转播的,现场表演的;通电的;仍可爆炸的;燃烧着的;含乳酸菌的;时下重大的;有效的;(机器中轮或轴)转动的;处于比赛状态的;生动的,精力充沛的

    live: life 的动词形式

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

live 生活,生存;居住;过(生活)

来源于史前日耳曼语lib-(保持,继续)在古英语中派生的两个动词libban和lifian的组合,其变体派生了英语词汇leave和life。形容词live是alive的缩写形式。

【同源词】:leave,life,alive

live (v.)

Middle English liven, from Old English lifian (Anglian), libban (West Saxon) "to be, be alive, have life; continue in life; to experience," also "to supply oneself with food, procure a means of subsistence; pass life in a specified fashion," from Proto-Germanic *libejanan (source also of Old Norse lifa "to be left; to live; to live on," of fire, "to burn;" Old Frisian libba, German leben, Gothic liban "to live"), from PIE root *leip- "to stick, adhere," forming words meaning "to remain, continue."

Meaning "to make a residence, dwell" is from c. 1200. Meaning "express in one's life" (live a lie) is from 1540s. Intensified sense "have life abundantly, make full use of life's opportunities" is from c. 1600. Related: Lived; living.

To live it up "live gaily and extravagantly" is from 1903. To live up to "act in accordance with, not live below the standard of" is 1690s, from earlier live up "live on a high (moral or mental) level" (1680s). To live (something) down "cause (something disreputable) to be forgotten by subsequent blameless course, live so as to disprove" is from 1842. To live with "cohabit as husband and wife" is attested from 1749; sense of "to put up with" is attested from 1937. Expression live and learn is attested from c. 1620.

According to the Dutch Prouerbe ... Leuen ende laetan leuen, To liue and to let others liue. [Gerard de Malynes, 1622]

live (adj.)

1540s, "having life, not dead," a shortening of alive (q.v.). From 1610s of fire, coal, etc., "burning, glowing;" 1640s of things, conditions, etc., "full of active power;" sense of "containing unspent energy or power" (live ammunition) is from 1799.

Meaning "in-person, not recorded" (of performance) is attested by 1917. Live wire is attested from 1890, "circuit through which an electric current is flowing;" figurative sense of "active person" is from 1903. Jocular real live "genuine" is from 1887. The older adjective is lively.

A GRIM RECORD — The death harvest of the "live wire" and "third rail" goes right on. It is not governed by seasons nor, qualified by time. It is the ubiquitous epidemic of electricity, defiant of doctors and ruthless as fate. [The Insurance Press, Aug. 22, 1900]
小程序码 手机访问 联系客服 返回顶部

扫码访问小程序

随时随地,掌上学习

手机访问外博网

随时随地,掌上学习

客服微信