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make

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[mek] [mek]

vt.做,制造;生产,制定;使成为;使产生

vi.开始;尝试;行进;增大

n.制造;生产量;性格;形状,样式

常用短语

  1. make up

    弥补,组成,化妆,整理

  2. make in

    加入,进入,干涉别人

  3. make of

    了解,用…制造

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. What time do you make it?

    你估计现在几点了?

    《牛津词典》

  2. She wiped off her make-up.

    她把化的妆擦掉了。

    《牛津词典》

  3. What does two and two make?

    2加2是多少?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“创造,制作”的意思,区别是:
  • create 侧重创造出来的东西以前并不存在,或者指独具特色的创作。

    compose 多指音乐或诗歌、画的创作。

    design 主要指在艺术或技术领域的创作设计,强调构思多于实际制造。

    invent 主要用于科技领域,指通过思考、研究或实验制造出新的前所未有、极为有用的东西。

    make 最普通用词,指任何东西的创作或制造。

    produce 指产品的生产,或作品创作的完成。

  • 以下词都有“做,制造”的意思,区别是:
  • make 普通用词,很常用,含义广,既可指制造具体的东西,也可指完成一种行为。

    fabricate 特指按照标准样式制作或把材料或部件组合成一个整体。

    manufacture 正式用词,一般指用机器大规模地批量生产各种生活或生产用品。

    produce 普通用词,侧重大量地生产出各种生产用品和生活用品。强调结果。也用于引申。

  • 以下词都有“使,使得”的意思,区别是:
  • make 普通用词,指强迫或劝诱他人做某事。

    cause 正式用词,侧重指使某事发生的原因。

    get 侧重指劝某人做某事,或指使某事物处于某种状态或产生某种结果。

    have 普通用词,指让某人做某事。

    render 书面用词,多指因外界因素而使某人或某物处于某种状态。

    词根: -make- 制作
  1. make [mek] vt. 做,制造;生产,制定;使成为;使产生 vi. 开始;尝试;行进;增大 n. 制造;生产量;性格;形状,样式

    make: -make-制作

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

make 制造,安排,使成为,认为,产生,获得,进行,构成

原始印欧语mag-(制作,揉捏),在希腊语中为magma(揉捏而成软膏),是英语magma(n.稀糊,岩浆,乳浆)的词源;在史前日耳曼语中为mako-,是英语match的词源。史前日耳曼语mako-进入西日耳曼语为makojan,进入德语为machen(做),在荷兰语中为maken,英语为make。

【同源词】:amass,among,magma,mason,mass,match,mingle,mongrel.

make 做,制造

来自古英语macian,制造,形成,安排,来自PIE*mag,捏,揉,形成,词源同match,massage.最早可能是来自人类始祖捏泥土以建房,后引申多种词义。

make (v.)

Old English macian "to give being to, give form or character to, bring into existence; construct, do, be the author of, produce; prepare, arrange, cause; behave, fare, transform," from West Germanic *makōjanan "to fashion, fit" (source also of Old Saxon makon, Old Frisian makia "to build, make," Middle Dutch and Dutch maken, Old High German mahhon "to construct, make," German machen "to make"), from PIE root *mag- "to knead, fashion, fit." If so, sense evolution perhaps is via prehistoric houses built of mud. It gradually replaced the main Old English word, gewyrcan (see work (v.)).

Meaning "to arrive at" (a place), first attested 1620s, originally was nautical. Formerly used in many places where specific verbs now are used, such as to make Latin (c. 1500) "to write Latin compositions." This broader usage survives in some phrases, such as make water "to urinate" (c. 1400), make a book "arrange a series of bets" (1828), make hay "to turn over mown grass to expose it to sun." Make the grade is 1912, perhaps from the notion of railway engines going up an incline.

Read the valuable suggestions in Dr. C.V. Mosby's book — be prepared to surmount obstacles before you encounter them — equipped with the power to "make the grade" in life's climb. [advertisement for "Making the Grade," December 1916]

But the phrase also was in use in a schoolwork context at the time.

To make friends is from late 14c.; to make good "make right" is from early 15c.  To make do "manage with what is available" is attested by 1867; to make for "direct one's course to, proceed toward" is from 1580s, but "Not frequent before the 19th c." [OED]. To make of  "think, judge" is from c. 1300. To make off  "run away, depart suddenly" is from 1709; to make off with "run away with (something) in one's possession" is by 1820. To make way is from c. 1200 as "cut a path," early 14c. as "proceed, go."

Make time "go fast" is 1849; make tracks in this sense is from 1834. To make a federal case out of  (something) was popularized in 1959 movie "Anatomy of a Murder;" to make an offer (one) can't refuse is from Mario Puzo's 1969 novel "The Godfather." To make (one's) day is by 1909; menacing make my day is from 1971, popularized by Clint Eastwood in film "Sudden Impact" (1983). Related: Made; making.

make (n.)

"match, mate, companion" (now archaic or dialectal), from Old English gemaca "mate, equal; one of a pair, comrade; consort, husband, wife," from Proto-Germanic *gamakon- (source also of Old Saxon gimaco, Old High German gimahho, Old Norse maki), related to Old English gemæcc "well-matched, suitable," macian "to make" (see make (v.)). Meaning "manner in which something is made, form, shape, design, construction" is from c. 1300. Slang phrase on the make "intent on profit or advancement" is from 1869.

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