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man

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[mæn] [mæn]

n.男人;人类;男子汉;雇工

vt.使振作;操纵;给…配置人员;在…就位

int.(表示惊讶、气愤等)嘿,天哪

常用短语

  1. no man

    没有人,[口]老喜欢唱反调的人(等于no-man)

  2. new man

    新派男子(分担家务及照顾子女的工作)

  3. old man

    情人,丈夫,老头子,父亲

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. He's a very clever man.

    他是个很聪明的人。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. He's such a boring man!

    他就是这么一个惹人烦的人!

    《牛津词典》

  3. He's a man with a grudge.

    他是一个心怀怨恨的人。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“人类”的意思,区别是:
  • man 指各时代的全体人类。

    mankind 集体名词,语体庄重,泛指过去、现在和未来的人类。

    humanity 书面用词,集合名词,多用于文学作品中,作人类解时,侧重有同情心、理解力和崇高品质。

    词根: -man- 人,男人
  1. man [mæn] n. 男人;人类;男子汉;雇工 vt. 使振作;操纵;给…配置人员;在…就位 int. (表示惊讶、气愤等)嘿,天哪

单词家谱

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man 男子,人,人类

来自古英语man,人类,男人,女人,来自Proto-Germanic*manwaz,来自PIE*man,人,进一步来自PIE*men,思考,词源同mind,mania.后不再用于女人义。

man 男人;人类

man是一个日耳曼语词汇,在德语中为mann和mensch,在荷兰语和瑞典语中为man,丹麦语中为mand。

man (n.)

"a featherless plantigrade biped mammal of the genus Homo" [Century Dictionary], Old English man, mann "human being, person (male or female); brave man, hero;" also "servant, vassal, adult male considered as under the control of another person," from Proto-Germanic *mann- (source also of Old Saxon, Swedish, Dutch, Old High German man, Old Frisian mon, German Mann, Old Norse maðr, Danish mand, Gothic manna "man"), from PIE root *man- (1) "man." For the plural, see men.

Sometimes connected to root *men- (1) "to think," which would make the ground sense of man "one who has intelligence," but not all linguists accept this. Liberman, for instance, writes, "Most probably man 'human being' is a secularized divine name" from Mannus [Tacitus, "Germania," chap. 2], "believed to be the progenitor of the human race."

Specific sense of "adult male of the human race" (distinguished from a woman or boy) is by late Old English (c. 1000); Old English used wer and wif to distinguish the sexes, but wer began to disappear late 13c. and was replaced by man. Universal sense of the word remains in mankind and manslaughter. Similarly, Latin had homo "human being" and vir "adult male human being," but they merged in Vulgar Latin, with homo extended to both senses. A like evolution took place in Slavic languages, and in some of them the word has narrowed to mean "husband." PIE had two other "man" roots: *uiHro "freeman" (source of Sanskrit vira-, Lithuanian vyras, Latin vir, Old Irish fer, Gothic wair; see *wi-ro-) and *hner "man," a title more of honor than *uiHro (source of Sanskrit nar-, Armenian ayr, Welsh ner, Greek anēr; see *ner- (2)).

Man also was in Old English as an indefinite pronoun, "one, people, they." It was used generically for "the human race, mankind" by c. 1200. As a word of familiar address, originally often implying impatience, c.1400; hence probably its use as an interjection of surprise or emphasis, since Middle English but especially popular from early 20c.

As "a woman's lover," by mid-14c. As "adult male possessing manly qualities in an eminent degree," from 14c. Man's man, one whose qualities are appreciated by other men, is by 1873. Colloquial use of the Man for "the boss" is by 1918. To be man or mouse "be brave or be timid" is from 1540s. Meaning "piece with which a game (especially chess) is played" is from c. 1400.

Man-about-town "man of the leisure class who frequents clubs, theaters, and other social resorts" is from 1734. Man of the world is from mid-14c. as "secular man, layman;" by early 15c. as "man experienced in the ways of the world, one able to take things in stride." To do something as one man "unanimously" is from late 14c.

So I am as he that seythe, 'Come hyddr John, my man.' [1473]
MANTRAP, a woman's commodity. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," London, 1785]
At the kinges court, my brother, Ech man for himself. [Chaucer, "Knight's Tale," c. 1386]

man (v.)

Middle English mannen, from Old English mannian "to furnish (a fort, ship, etc.) with a company of men," from man (n.). Meaning "to take up a designated position on a ship" is first recorded 1690s. Meaning "behave like a man, brace up in a manful way, act with courage" is from c. 1400. To man (something) out "play a man's part, bear oneself stoutly and boldly" is from 1660s. Related: Manned; manning.

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