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may

初中CET4考研IELTSGRE

[meɪ] [me]

aux.可以;也许;会;但愿

n.[May]五月;山楂属植物;(五朔节装饰用的)绿枝花枝;(春天开花的)绣线菊属植物

常用短语

  1. may be

    也许,可能

  2. may have

    +过去分词

  3. may i help you

    要我帮忙吗,请问买什么(商场用语)

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. Mr. Hobbs? May we come in?

    霍布斯先生?我们可以进去吗?

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. Other problems may follow.

    其它问题也许会随之而来。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  3. They may have to amputate.

    他们可能不得不施行截肢手术。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“能,可能,可以”的意思,区别是:
  • can和may常被错用,应注意3点

    1.can表示体力或智力方面的能力。may没有这种功能。

    2.can和may都可表示请求允许做某事,前者较口语化,最常用;may用于正式文体,多含尊敬之意。

    3.can和may都可能表示可能性,前者表理论上的可能性,而后者表示现实的可能性。在这种用法中,can一般不能用来表将来的可能性,多用在否定和疑问句中表现在的可能性,而may既可表现在又可表将来的可能性。

    词根: -may- 使能够,赋予力量
  1. may [meɪ] aux. 可以;也许;会;但愿 n. [May]五月;山楂属植物;(五朔节装饰用的)绿枝花枝;(春天开花的)绣线菊属植物

    may: -may-使能够,赋予力量 → 引申词义强大力量,威力 → 后用于助动词,可以、也许、会

  2. dismay [dɪsˈmeɪ] vt. 使惊愕,使焦虑,使气馁 n. 惊愕,气馁;灰心;丧气

    dismay: dis-使相反 + -may-使能够,赋予力量 → 使不能,使没有力量 → 原指剥夺权力 → 引申义使灰心,丧气

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

may 也许,可能

来自古英语maeg,能够的,来自Proto-Germanic*mag,来自PIE*magh,使能够,赋予力量,词源同might,magic,machine.

may 山楂花

来自May,五月。即五月的鲜花。

may (v.1)

Old English mæg "am able" (infinitive magan, past tense meahte, mihte), from Proto-Germanic root *mag-, infinitive *maganan (Old Frisian mei/muga/machte "have power, may;" Old Saxon mag/mugan/mahte; Middle Dutch mach/moghen/mohte; Dutch mag/mogen/mocht; Old High German mag/magan/mahta; German mag/mögen/mochte; Old Norse ma/mega/matte; Gothic mag/magan/mahte "to be able"), from PIE root *magh- "to be able, have power." A present-preterit verb (with can, shall, etc.). Also used in Old English as a "auxiliary of prediction."

may

fifth month of the modern calendar, early 12c., Mai, from Old French mai and directly from Latin Majus, Maius mensis "month of May," possibly from Maja, Maia, a Roman earth goddess (wife of Vulcan) whose name is of unknown origin; possibly from PIE *mag-ya "she who is great," fem. suffixed form of root *meg- "great" (cognate with Latin magnus).

"[R]eckoned on the continent of Europe and in America as the last month of spring, but in Great Britain as the first of summer" [Century Dictionary, 1897]. Replaced Old English þrimilce, month in which cows can be milked three times a day. May marriages have been considered unlucky at least since Ovid's day. May-apple, perennial herb native to North America, so called for its time of blooming and its yellowish fruit, is attested from 1733, American English.

may (v.2)

"to celebrate May Day, to take part in May Day festivities," late 15c., from May. Maying as "the observance of May Day with all its sports and games" is attested from late 14c. (maiing).

And as a vapour, or a drop of raine
Once lost, can ne'r be found againe:
                     So when or you or I are made
                     A fable, song, or fleeting shade;
                     All love, all liking, all delight
                     Lies drown'd with us in endlesse night.
Then while time serves, and we are but decaying;
Come, my Corinna, come, let's goe a Maying.
[Robert Herrick, "Corinna's Going a-Maying," 1648] 
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